Mozart

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Mozart ­ Symphony No. 40 in G Minor 1st Movement
Instruments
These are the instruments used in this piece:
French Horns
Bassoon
Clarinet
Cello
Double Bass
Violins
Violas
Oboe
No Trumpet
No Timpani
Dynamics
Forte (loud)
Piano (quiet)
Sfz - sforzando (very loud)
Structure
The structure is in sonata form. A piece in sonata form (like this one) has three
sections, the Exposition, the Development and the Recapitulation.
Exposition
1st Subject
Played by violins
Marked p (piano) at the start
In G Minor ­ modulates (changes) to B flat major
The time signature is 4/4
The melody starting on the fourth beat, a weak beat of the bar ­ this is known
as an anacrusis
Question and answer phrasing
Dark intense mood
Transition or bridge passage
Marked f (loud) and sfz (very loud)
Begins in B flat major
Violins ­ play a descending sequence
This transition leads to the 2nd subject
2nd Subject
In B flat major
Strings play the theme then woodwind repeat it
Ornaments are used e.g. trills (these are just things that sound really fancy)
Longer note values are used here compared to the 1st subject

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Codetta (like a mini coda (or ending) ­ its used to finish off this section)
Lots of imitation (copying) between the clarinet and bassoon
Key change from B flat major to G Minor
The whole of the codetta is repeated
Development
Based on the first idea from the exposition
Exploration of different keys
Imitation
Use of pedal points (a held on note)
Recapitulation
The material from the exposition is repeated in a slightly different and shorter
form
In G Minor
Bridge passage is much longer…read more

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