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Peasant gains Peasant losses Problems
Released from bondage, Had to stay in mir until Implementing the law.
more freedom and payments were made. (loss Opposition from nobility who
independence to marry. of time and reduced disagreed with emancipation
freedom) of laborers.
Each family retained land andRedemption payments - tax Collecting redemption
home, the amount was for land. 49 annual payments payments and keeping serfs
dependent on location. with 6% interest. Loss of within the mir. Serfs payed
revenue and income. Obrok (rent) and redemption
which caused inconsistent
During this time there was no To gain freedom Obrok had Managing the land, and
alterations to schedule, to be paid for 2 years before supervising if any alterations
there was more consistency. freedom. This prolonged were made.
Had access to communal Land lords owned Land lords gain evenly
fields. woodlands, and meadows, distributed compensation.
they were therefore
Possibility of more allocated It took 20 years to Volosts supervised mirs,
land form the mir. completely emancipate serfs there had to be trust in them
(it was originally predicted to do job correctly and
2-3 years) appropriately.
Self government, communal It didn't impact position in
courts, freedom of speech. the social strata, they were
still poor. A simplistic
lifestyle continued and
industrialization was lacking.
More people should have
migrated to cities yet they
Emancipation of the serfs was meant to encourage modernization by encouraging
migration to towns to establish industry.
Alexander II would rather reform happened from above than below to reduce rebellion and
to increase support.
Emancipation would make the army stronger if they were more motivated to produce
However it would create bad relations with nobility who contribute most to economy.
Ex serfs would have to find employment (lacking skill repertoire)
There would be a greater chance of serfs unifying and revolting.
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The emancipation of the serfs (1861)
Explain significance and effects on Russia.
Serfdom: A form of modified slavery that involves complete subjection.
Serf: bonded laborer.
State serfs had slightly more freedom than privately owned serfs.
The serfs were further divided into separate entities.
Those that paid rent (Obrok) and those who paid with labor (Barschina)
Obrok had freedom to practice trade but rent was varied according to revenue / success.…read more