Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Morality!

Egoism

1. Ethical egoism
Ought to maximise our own good.
Maximising own good can help others e.g => Mother is happy when she makes child happy
2. Problems
Egoist would not want other egoists -> needs everyone else to be truthful
Means egoist cannot universalise egoism.

1. Psychological Egoism…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
State of nature = no laws, no gov, only competing persons. "life in S.O.N -> nasty, brutish &
short"
Want peace and security
Make contracts to live under strong sovereigns -> any kind of sovereign, even bad dictators
are better than "S.O.N" -> (S.O.N is semi mythical, no one knows…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
1. Plato
3 characteristics => Reason, Spirit, Desire
Reason is used to use strength of will (spirit) to repress desire
This stops us from being like animals and makes us human
Example => recovering alcoholic -> uses reason to suggest that drinking alcohol is bad.
However, their body may crave…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all resources »