Mining Conflicts in Kudremukh National Park

Case Study detailing the mining conflict in this national park.

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  • Created by: Liz Hunt
  • Created on: 07-05-09 14:28
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Kudremukh National Park
Kudremukh is a iron ore mining town, known for its mountains
looking like a horses face, in the Western Ghats.
KIOCL (Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited) has been
conducting its operations on an area of 4,604.55 ha for over 20
years. Opposition to its activities has built up over the years from
environmentalists and wildlife conservationists who are
concerned about the threat to the region's flora and fauna, and
farmers who are affected by the pollution of the streams that
originate in the mining area.
The rainfall in Kuduremukh, which is perhaps one of the highest for any open cast mining operation
in the world, greatly accentuates the impacts of siltation as claimed by environmentalists. The
topographic and rainfall characteristics in combination with the open cast mining of low grade iron
ore and other land-surface disturbances caused by the KIOCL operations results in very high
sediment discharge, with over 60% of the total siltation in the Bhadra system being contributed by
the mining area which forms less than six per cent of the catchment. With high quality practices
adopted by KIOCL to mine, the flora and fauna remained intact, causing no adverse affects on the
25 years since, mining has wreaked havoc in the region. It has resulted in polluted and silted rivers
adversely affecting aquatic life, swamped fields with iron tailings bringing down agricultural
productivity, caused local extinction of wild life, triggered landslides, resulted in the influx of
industrial activity into the core of the forests. A combination of all these factors threatens to disrupt
the entire ecosystem. This has not been helped by the fact that the company has achieved
notoriety for mocking environmental regulations and with regulatory agencies standing mute


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