Millennium Development Goals

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Millennium Development Goals
Eight international development goals established by United Nations
Signed in September 2000
Commits world leaders to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental
degradation, and discrimination against women.
All 193 UN member states and 23 international organisations agreed to reach the goals by
1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
2. To achieve universal primary education
3. To promote gender equality and empower women
4. To reduce child mortality
5. To improve maternal health
6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
7. To ensure environmental sustainability
8. To develop a global partnership for development.
Specific Targets to meet these aims:
Halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1
per day
Halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people suffering from hunger
Ensuring that by 2015 all children (boys and girls) are able to complete a full course of
primary schooling
Eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education as soon as possible, but
certainly no later than 2015 at all levels of education
Reducing by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under 5 mortality rate
Halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water
Halving the proportion of people without access to sanitation
To accelerate progress, the G8 Finance Ministers agreed in June 2005 to provide enough
funds to the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the African
Development Bank (AfDB) to cancel an additional $40 to $55 billion in debt owed by Heavily
Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC)
Progress towards reaching the goals has been uneven. Some countries have achieved many
of the goals (Brazil) while others are not on track to realize any (Benin).
A UN conference in September 2010 reviewed progress to date and concluded with the
adoption of a global action plan to achieve the eight anti-poverty goals by their 2015 target

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There were also new commitments on women's and children's health, and new
initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty, hunger, and disease.…read more


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