Slides in this set
Milgram comments on various conditions in the study
which may have made the participants more obedient,
It was carried out at Yale university (very prestigious)
The participant had been paid to take part in the study
The participant was unclear on the rights of a participant
in psychological research.
The participant was told that the shocks would not cause
any permanent damage.
The victim had volunteered for the study and seemed
willing to `play the game'
The participant had volunteered so felt obliged to the
Milgram concluded that obedience can be
elicited from any individual if put in the right
He rejected the German's are different
hypothesis as he said that obedience is not
down to a dispositional tendency.
He said that the situation a person is in has
the power to override ethics and morals in
the name of obedience.…read more
It was a highly controlled observation and
they gained consent from the participants.
Had high experimental realism as all
participants thought that the electric shocks
administered were real. They all believed in
the situation and forgot they were in a study
at all.…read more
Ethics is a main issue:
The participants were deceived about the true nature of
Prods given by the experimenter suggest that withdrawal
was not an option
Many subjects suffered from considerable stress
Low in ecological validity and it has been argued that the
setting in a laboratory tells us nothing about how people
would react in a real life situation.
It was also low in mundane realism which means the task
did not relate to everyday life
Milgram does not take into account free will and takes a
deterministic approach as he says that if we are placed
in a certain situation we will all respond in a certain way.…read more
However.. Milgram would say
It was necessary to deceive the participants
about the true nature of the study because
otherwise there would have been demand
That withdrawal was an option as some
participants did drop out before 450v.
He gave the participants post study interviews
and tests to make sure there were no long term
That a laboratory setting is the same as any
social situation where there is an authority
figure such as a doctor or policeman.…read more