Migration in South Africa

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URBAN CHANGE IN JOHANNESBURG WHERE DID PEOPLE MOVE FROM?
· Johannesburg is South Africa's biggest city; · Mostly Limpopo Province in the north of South
· Has a population of 1.5 million legal Africa;
residents; · Some 250,000 people have moved mostly aged
· Another 2 million live in informal settlements 20 - 30;
on the edge of the city, like Soweto in the · Most only move a short distance to Gauteng
west. Province only 200 kms away; WHY DID PEOPLE LEAVE LIMPOPO?
· Most go to the cities of Johannesburg, Pretoria (Countryside)
Problems of life in Soweto and Soweto. Push factors from Limpopo
· High density housing; · Few houses have electricity;
· Lack of basic services such as clean water, · Poor job opportunities;
sanitation and waste collection; · Lack of money - most people earn less
· Nowhere for children to play safely; than £100 a month;
· People connect to electricity supply illegally · Most people do not own a TV, computer
which is dangerous;
CASE STUDY -
or cooker;
· Roads are not paved so flood; RURAL TO URBAN · Low quality of life;
· Disease spreads quickly; MIGRATION IN · Mostly farmers on small farms that do
· Large numbers of people die from AIDS; not make much money;
· Mixture of small formal houses and large
SOUTH AFRICA
· Rainfall is unpredictable so crop yields
informal shacks built of sheet metal; varies.
· Large number of unskilled workers who can
only get low paid jobs. Pull factors of Johannesburg
· Better job prospects;
How is Johannesburg improving Soweto? · Average earnings of £700 a month;
· Trying to replace informal housing with low · Better quality of life;
cost social housing; · Better schools;
· Building 200,000 low cost homes each year; · Better health care;
· Roads have been paved; · Higher ownership of goods like TV,
· Better water supply with 98% now have computer and cookers.
clean water;
· Street lights make it safer at night;
· Over 300,000 jobs created;
· More police on streets so crime being
reduced;
· New parks laid out to give a better
environment and provide places for children
to play.

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