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Migration In LEDCs…read more

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Patterns Of Migration In LEDCs
In LEDCs the major pattern of migration is rural to urban
There are many push factors from their place or origin and pull
factors into inner city areas. However sometimes people are fed
perceived opportunities and when they do migrate, it isn't what
it made out to be.
Often people spend the money they have on travelling to their new
location, leaving them with very little money to spend on
accommodation, food and basic necessities.…read more

Slide 3

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Push Factors
Reasons for people to leave an area:
·War and Conflict-makes and area very dangerous, damages crop
fields, resulting in famine. Persuades people to move away from
the warzone. E.g. Iraq
·Natural Disasters-Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes
and flooding all occur in LEDCs e.g.2007 floods in Bangladesh
resulting in an increase in poverty and migration from rural
·Unemployment-farm workers become unemployed due to new machinery
being used
·Poor Living conditions-lack of education, poor healthcare,
insuffuicient housing and poor sanitation systems.
·Famine and Drought-people move away to urban areas where there
aren't as severe food shortage issues.…read more

Slide 4

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Pull Factors
Reasons for people to move to an area:
·Employment-moving to an urban area will provide their family
with better, higher paid jobs.
·Better Living conditions-better healthcare, housing and
education for children
·Better food supply-more regular food supply, higher selection of
·Facilities-urban areas have more facilities which are very rare
in rural areas, making it very appealing for people living in
rural LEDCs
All of these may not be true! Preceived oppourtunities is what
people think they will get but it doesn't allways happen!…read more

Slide 5

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Impact On Population Structure
·There will be a higher population density in city areas.
·The younger people will be migrating to urban areas, this leaves
an aging population in rural areas. This means the government
will have to plan to keep the growth rate sustainable as young
people will be having families of their own soon.
·Over time the population growth could decrease because women are
being educated in urban areas therefore hope to work instead of
having children.…read more

Slide 6

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Problems In Urban Areas
In LEDCs because a lot of people are migration from rural areas to urban
areas, there is a very high population density in the urban areas and not
enough housing for everyone. Because of the high amount of migration many
areas on the edge of urban towns have Shanty Towns. These shanty towns
have many issues as they are dirty, built out of scrap metal and other
waste material. In LEDCs there are many other types of poorer housing in
and around city Areas:
·Temporary, illegal squatter settlements-formed by migrants, no security
or roads
·One story dwellings made out of cheap bricks-on mud, very basic services,
earth track roads. Migrants that have lived in the area for a while will
usually live here.
·Dwelling with basic windows-family usually use to sell goods to make
money. Basic local facilities e.g. schools and improved security.
·Well developed commercial and residential areas-family run shops with
residents above.
·Middles Class residential areas-secure, well kept housing. High levels of
education with a few amenities such as shops.…read more

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