Migration changing the face of the EU -- case study

Here is a case study on how migration is changing the face of the EU and the impacts on the host and source countries. 

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How is migration changing the face of the EU?
Before 1960, Europe was a continet of zero net migration althought during
the 1960s emigration was much larger than inmigration.
In 2005 net inmigration into the EU was estimated to be 1.7 million.
Aproximately 70% of these migratns moved into Spain, Italy, Germany and
UK.
African migrants to the Canary Islands ­ Spain:
Spain has had to asked the European Union for help to control the flow of migrants
because during 2006, about 6.000 African lost theirs lives or went missing in their
journeys to the Canary Islands and another 31.000 arrived illegaly to the islands.
Most of these were deported back to Africa.
The postaccession labour flow from eastern Europe:
Since May 2004, when 8 new European states joined the EU, 427.000
workers have applied for work in the UK most of them (62%) from Polish
nationality. In 2008, around 700.000 Poles were working in the UK.
The `official' Polish workers brought with them 36.000 dependents ­
spouses and children. Most of the workers (82%) are aged 18 to 64, and
56% of them work in factories.
Other migrants come from Czech Republic, Estonia, Hunagry, Latvia,
Lithuania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
But these migrants that have migrated into the UK have moved to all areas
of the UK not only focused in the `bigger cities'
East Anglia is one of the favorites places. Migrants work on farms and in
foodprocessing factories.
Reasons for the migration:
There are many push and pull factors that motivate citizens to migrate
although the main factor is economic factors as Europeans can earn more
in western European countries.
Only Sweden, Irland and UK allowed migrants to work freely, so the first
option was the UK.
Experts say that Polich migration is only temporary, when they reach the
Take Off economic stage then migrants will return back home to Poland.
Push and pull factors for migrants from eastern Europe:
1. Employment and salaries:
Very low salaries Polish worker many earn 200 a month. Whilst in the UK
they would earn 200 a month!
Unmeployment in Poland is aroun 20% and 25%

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Polish medics would migrate mainly for economic reasons. A
medic un the UK will earn much more than a Polish medic working in
Poland.
Teachers earn around 200 monthly, whilst in the UK might earn 600 a
month just for handling out leaflets.
2. Welfare state:
Once EU citizens have been paying taxes for 12 months in the UK they are
now considered UK citizens.…read more

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Impacts of migration on the source country:
In Poland legislation is being f¡drafted to try to encourage Poles to come back
home by offering more and more services.
In 2005 10% of jobs in Polish construction industry could not be filled. But by
early 2007 this figure had risen to 35% due to a shortage of workers due to
migration.
Wroclaw (city in Poland) is now quickly developing as large TNC's are now
setting offices and shops there e.g. Siemens or LG.…read more

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