Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Memory ­ An Overview
Key Characteristics of Memory:
Capacity ­ The amount of storage space that is available. The different types of memory
have different storage capacities and this is usually measured
by the number of items that can be stored at any one time. Duration ­ How long the…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
information for more than a second and the information is encoded in the format it is received in.
If we pay attention to the information it will pass to the short-term memory. This can only hold
information for around 30 seconds and can only hold 7 +/- 2 items at…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
recall the trigram. They found that after a 3-second interval, 80% of trigrams were correctly
recalled, after 9 seconds, 30% of trigrams were correctly recalled and this dropped to 10% after
an 18 second interval. They concluded that 30 seconds was the maximum duration of the STM.
Conrad (1964)
Conrad…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
experiment. Researchers selected 130 pictures from each of their yearbooks to use in various
experimental conditions: free recall of names, recognition of names and pictures, matching
pictures to names, matching names to pictures and naming pictures. They found that free recall
accuracy dropped steadily from 50% at three months after…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
that STM and LTM are located in different parts of the brain, supporting the idea of separate
memory stores.
information that is not rehearsed, which suggests that the model is not accurate. The MSM
focuses on just the structure of memory. The model suggests that the structure consists of three…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
process allows sub-vocal rehearsal of the words in the store or that we are about to say and is
referred to as the `inner voice'. The visuo-spatial sketchpad is responsible for storing visual and
spatial information and can be thought of as the `inner eye'. It enables us to form…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
There is evidence from case studies to support the WMM. KF's memory was affected after his
brain was damaged in a motorcycle accident. KF's impairment was mainly for verbal information
­ his memory for visual information was largely unaffected. This is a strength because it shows
that there are separate…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Memory ­ An Overview
Key Characteristics of Memory:
Capacity ­ The amount of storage space that is available. The different types of memory
have different storage capacities and this is usually measured
by the number of items that can be stored at any one time. Duration ­ How long the…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
information for more than a second and the information is encoded in the format it is received in.
If we pay attention to the information it will pass to the short-term memory. This can only hold
information for around 30 seconds and can only hold 7 +/- 2 items at…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
recall the trigram. They found that after a 3-second interval, 80% of trigrams were correctly
recalled, after 9 seconds, 30% of trigrams were correctly recalled and this dropped to 10% after
an 18 second interval. They concluded that 30 seconds was the maximum duration of the STM.
Conrad (1964)
Conrad…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
experiment. Researchers selected 130 pictures from each of their yearbooks to use in various
experimental conditions: free recall of names, recognition of names and pictures, matching
pictures to names, matching names to pictures and naming pictures. They found that free recall
accuracy dropped steadily from 50% at three months after…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
that STM and LTM are located in different parts of the brain, supporting the idea of separate
memory stores.
information that is not rehearsed, which suggests that the model is not accurate. The MSM
focuses on just the structure of memory. The model suggests that the structure consists of three…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
process allows sub-vocal rehearsal of the words in the store or that we are about to say and is
referred to as the `inner voice'. The visuo-spatial sketchpad is responsible for storing visual and
spatial information and can be thought of as the `inner eye'. It enables us to form…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
There is evidence from case studies to support the WMM. KF's memory was affected after his
brain was damaged in a motorcycle accident. KF's impairment was mainly for verbal information
­ his memory for visual information was largely unaffected. This is a strength because it shows
that there are separate…

Comments

No comments have yet been made