Memory Revision

Outlines of all 6 mark questions for Memory

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Possible 6 mark examination questions: Memory
Remember the question could say `discuss' instead of `outline and evaluate' but this means
the same thing.
1) Outline and evaluate research into the capacity of STM (Bower and Springston)
Ao1- TO TEST THE EFFECT OF CHUNKING. 2 GROUPS OF PARTICIPANTS, BOTH GIVEN
LETTERS TO REMEMBER. ONE GROUP HAD LETTERS IN TRIPLETS WHILST THE OTHER HAD
LETTERS RANDOMLY PAIRED IN 2/3/4s. GROUP WITH WORDS IN 3s RECALLED
MORE=CHUNKING INCREASES CAPACITY OF STM
Ao2- LOW HISTORICAL&ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY and ETHICAL
2) Outline and evaluate the multistore explanation of memory
Ao1- PAYING ATTENTION TO SENSORY MEMORY MOVES INFO TO STM. REHEARSAL
TAKES IT TO LTM. INFO IN LTM CAN BE RETRIEVED. INFO CAN DECAY IF NOT
REHEARSED IN LTM&STM
Ao2- TOO SIMPLE SO DETAILS COULD BE SKIPPED AS OUR BRAINS ARE COMPLEX.
PROVIDES CLEAR AND SIMPLE EXPLANATION WHICH GIVES ROUGH IDEA ON OUR
BRAIN THAT IS EASILY UNDERSTANDABLE.
3) Outline and evaluate the reconstructive explanation of memory
Ao1 MEMORY IS AN ACVTIVE PROCESS. OUR SCHEMAS USE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE
TO UNDERSTAND NEW INFORMATION. THEREFORE OUR MEMORIES CHANGE TO FIT
WITH WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW
Ao2 SUPPORTED BY BARTLETT'S STUDY- OUR MEMORY RECONSTRUCTS MEMORIES
TO FIT IN WITH WHAT MAKES SENSE/ IS KNOWN ALREADY
4) Outline and evaluate the levels of processing explanation of memory
AO1 LEVEL AT WHICH INFORMATION IS PROCESSED AFFECTS RECALL. VISUALLY,
ACOUSTICALLY OR SEMANTICALLY PROCESSING AFFECTS RECALL (in order of increasing
recall)

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Ao1 SUPPORTED BY CRAIK&TULVING AS SEMANTICALLY PROCESSED WORDS WERE
RECALLED THE MOST. DOESN'T EXPLAIN WHY THIS HAPPENS.
Research into explanations of memory
5) Outline and evaluate research into the multistore explanation of memory
( Murdock )
Ao1 TO TEST FREE RECALL. PARTICIPANTS GIVEN WORDS THEN ASKED TO RECALL
AS MANY AS POSSIBLE.…read more

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Outline and evaluate amnesia as an explanation of forgetting
Ao1 AMNESIA = MEMORY LOSS. THE TYPES ARE: ANTEROGADE= CAN REMEMBER
THE PAST BUT CAN'T LEARN NEW INFORMATION. RETROGADE= CAN'T REMEMBER
THE PAST BUT CAN LEARN NEW INFO. USUALLY OCCURS AFFECT TRAUMATIC EVENT
OR PHSYCIAL INJURY.
Ao2 HM CASE STUDY: PATIENT WHO HAD BRAIN SURGERY TO FIX HIS EPILEPSY.
AFTER SURGERY STM MEMORY UNAFFECTED BUT UNABLE TO TRANSFER INFO TO
LTM.…read more

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Outline and evaluate research into context as an explanation of forgetting (Godden
and Baddley )
Ao1 TO SEE IF CONTEXT AFFECTS MEMORY. PARTICIPANTS (who were divers) WERE
GIVEN LIST OF WORDS TO LEARN EITHER UNDERWATER OR ON A BEACH. THEY
WERE THEN TOLD TO RECALL EITHER IN THE SAME OR DIFFERENT LOCATION.
PEOPLE WHO LEARNT AND RECALLED ON THE BEACH RECALLED MORE THAN THOSE
IN 2 DIFFERENT LOATIONS. LEARNING&RECALLING IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS CAN
CAUSE FORGETTING
Ao2 LOW HISTORICAL/POPULATION VALIDITY.…read more

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