Medicine Through Time - Public Health

Set of notes covering most aspects of public health from Pre-History up to the Twentieth Century, including Egypt, Greece, Rome, Middle Ages, Renaissance and Industrial Revolution

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  • Created by: caz
  • Created on: 14-05-11 17:24
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Public Health
Nomadic life style so no need for permanent Public
Health measures
Ancient Egypt
Ruled by Pharaohs
Simple baths and toilets
Told to wash and have a healthy diet
Eye make up
Shaved heads
No state enforced Public Health measures
Ancient Greece
Good diet
Public baths
Asclepion was like a spa, with baths gymnasiums
and stadiums
Improved personal hygiene

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Ancient Rome
Strong central government so lots of Public Health
Aqueducts ­ carry fresh water from springs, on a
slight slope so that gravity was the only force
needed to move the water
Public Baths ­ used by all and found in almost all
Latrines ­ flushed by water from the baths
Reservoirs ­ fed by water from the aqueducts and
store a water supply
Public Fountains ­ fed by water from reservoirs,
provide water for drinking and washing
Private homes had private…read more

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Middle Ages
Roman Public Health systems had disappeared
Very few government provided Public Health
Public Health was the responsibility of town
corporations (councils) ­ made up of rich men who
did not notice the problems
Monasteries had their own water supplies and
drainage systems
Rubbish and sewage dumped in street
Animals roamed the street
Measures put in place to clean up 14th
Century London
Butchers were ordered to use specific areas for
butchering meat rather than just butchering in the
Teams of rakers…read more

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Towns were overcrowded and full of dirt
Victims of the plague were shut up in their homes
and guarded by watchmen
Pubs closed to stop public gatherings in an attempt
to prevent the spread of the plague
Animals were not allowed in cities
Householders had to sweep the outsides of their
houses daily
Industrial Revolution
1842 Edwin Chadwick published a report on the
social conditions of the working classes
1848 First Public Health Act ­ only compulsory in
towns with high death rate, councils…read more

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Joseph Bazalgette's sewage system was
introduced, the same one used today
1867 Working men in towns were given the right to
1884 Working men in the countryside given the right
to vote
Twentieth Century
1941 Seehohm Rowntree published a report
showing a 50% reduction in poverty since 1901
1906 ­ 1914 the new liberal government brought
changes including free school meals for those most
in need, medical checks for school children, and old
age pensions
1911 National Insurance Act, employers, employees
and government paid…read more


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