Medicine Through Time - Public Health

Set of notes covering most aspects of public health from Pre-History up to the Twentieth Century, including Egypt, Greece, Rome, Middle Ages, Renaissance and Industrial Revolution

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Public Health
Nomadic life style so no need for permanent Public
Health measures

Ancient Egypt
Ruled by Pharaohs
Simple baths and toilets
Told to wash and have a healthy diet
Eye make up
Shaved heads
No state enforced Public Health measures

Ancient Greece
Good diet
Public baths
Asclepion was…

Page 2

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Ancient Rome
Strong central government so lots of Public Health
Aqueducts ­ carry fresh water from springs, on a
slight slope so that gravity was the only force
needed to move the water
Public Baths ­ used by all and found in almost all
Latrines ­ flushed by…

Page 3

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Middle Ages
Roman Public Health systems had disappeared
Very few government provided Public Health
Public Health was the responsibility of town
corporations (councils) ­ made up of rich men who
did not notice the problems
Monasteries had their own water supplies and
drainage systems
Rubbish and sewage dumped in…

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Towns were overcrowded and full of dirt
Victims of the plague were shut up in their homes
and guarded by watchmen
Pubs closed to stop public gatherings in an attempt
to prevent the spread of the plague
Animals were not allowed in cities
Householders had to sweep the outsides…

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1865 Joseph Bazalgette's sewage system was
introduced, the same one used today
1867 Working men in towns were given the right to
1884 Working men in the countryside given the right
to vote

Twentieth Century
1941 Seehohm Rowntree published a report
showing a 50% reduction in poverty since 1901…


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