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Prehistoric Medicine
Know very little due to lack of written word but they had no understanding
themselves.
Causes
- all down to spirits, demons, gods.
- a fit would mean they are possessed, if ill, their spirit has left you/been taken over.

Cure
- some natural methods. Herbal medicine found…

Page 2

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- religion meant that they would have to embalm the body for the next life. This meant they would see inside and could make comparisons,
see what is normal.
- religion also held them back. Could not find out any more about the body by dissecting or probing as needed…

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- used Hippocrates' Greek ideas, thought it was down to imbalance and the Four Humours. Wanted to understand but nothing scientific
yet to explain what happens.
- still thought gods may have something to do with it.

Cure
- borrowed the Greek idea of using temples to cure people, eg.…

Page 4

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Anatomy
- church limited dissection as thought it was sinful, only criminals could be dissected. Wouldn't have helped much anyway - at a stage
where need to see body when working.

Surgery
- still using opium, henbane,mandrake.
- only ever done when it was a matter of life and death.…

Page 5

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- encouraged people to do their own dissections, not just read about it, or watch someone else do it. Writing books with life like drawings,
labelled, led to understanding and communication.
- Harvey, English, used influence from the past to look into the body. Found heart and blood circulation. New…

Page 6

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Public Health
- generally, didn't interfere. Only the rich could stay healthy and afford doctors.
- only Jenner's breakthrough they endorsed - saved many lives, did a lot of good, save money by protecting the workforce.

Nineteenth Century
First understanding of the causes of disease and illness. Cannot cure diseases…

Page 7

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- know what causes disease but have to stay on top of it, because new ones develop over time.

Cure
- needed drugs that combated bacterial causing the diseases. Erlich was German, worked under Koch, adapted antibodies. Tried to use a
chemical dye that could kill off specific bacteria: a…

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Source Evaluation

What impression does a source give.
- infer from the text about what the source says about a person/event and use quotations to show where you've taken it from.

Whether, and how far, a source is useful to an enquiry.
- sources reveal certain things, must identify what…

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