Medicine Through Time - Key Individuals

List of key individuals and their achievements for all time periods

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Key Individuals
Pre-History
Medicine man/Shaman
Women cared for the majority of the sick
Belief in Gods


Ancient Egypt
Ruled by Pharoahs
Priests acted as doctors
Wetyws ­ bandagers in the mummification process
Sekhmet ­ goddess who caused and cured
epidemics
Thoth ­ god who gave doctors the skill to cure…

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Herophilus was given permission to dissect human
bodies in c.300BC and carried out vivisection on
condemned criminals
Erasistratus identifies the differences between veins
and arteries but did not believe in Four Humours
theory


Ancient Rome
Galen - Opposites theory
Asclepius and Salus ­ god and goddess of healing
Strong government…

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Henri de Mondeville taught his students to clean
wounds and heal them quickly without forming pus




Renaissance
Andreas Vesalius disproved Galen's jawbone theory
and wrote a book `The Fabric of the Human Body'
Ambroise Paré once ran out of hot oil when
performing an operation (the normal way to heal…

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Robert Koch found ways of identifying specific
bacteria and discovered which bacteria caused which
diseases
Florence Nightingale, improved hospitals in the
Crimean war and trained nurses
Mary Seacole set up a `British Hotel' and provided
hot meals, food supplies and medical help to
soldiers in the Crimean wae
Elizabeth Blackwell…

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Twentieth Century
Alexander Fleming ­ penicillin
Howard Florey and Ernest Chain led to the mass
production of penicillin
Paul Erhlich developed the first chemical cure for a
disease ­ Salvarsan 606
Crick and Watson discovered the structure of human
DNA
Wilhelm Röntgen discovered x-rays
Marie Curie researched x-rays, discovered radium…

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