Medicine through time exam questions + answers

heyy, i typed up most of the 5 mark exam questions that have been appearing over the years on the OCR board. All from medicine through time. Please rate and comment :) hope it helps thanks :)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Kavita :)
  • Created on: 28-05-11 13:46
Preview of Medicine through time exam questions + answers

First 479 words of the document:

5 mark questions
Describe the ways in which Prehistoric people treated illness
The Prehistoric people used ranges of methods to treat illness. They used trephining to
remove evil spirits by drilling a hole into the skull this was often done by the medicine man.
Also, they used a natural remedy, which was usually a mixture of herbs this was used on
cuts or burns. Furthermore, the medicine man also conducted rituals and chants to cast
away the evil spirits. People also wore amulets so that evil spirits would not enter their
Briefly describe the main features of Egyptian medicine
Egyptian medicine was a mixture of natural and supernatural. They had gods like Bes who
they thought caused and cured diseases but at the same time they did things like washing a
lot and keeping themselves clean. They also did simple surgery and had anatomical and
physiological knowledge about the human body. They had doctors for different parts of the
Briefly describe the impact of religion on medicine in Egyptian times
The Egyptians shaved their bodies to prevent lice and washed twice a day. This was done
for religious reasons but it also kept them clean. Another way religion affected medicine was
they believed you needed your organs for example the liver in the next life and so these were
taken out of the body and preserved. By doing this they learned a lot about the body
Briefly describe the medical progress made by the Ancient Egyptians
The Egyptians made progress because they developed a natural theory about illness. They
thought that you became ill because the channels in the body were blocked. They developed
this idea because their irrigation channels kept getting blocked. They also did close
examinations of patients, which helped them make medical progress
Briefly describe the work of Hippocrates
Hippocrates came up with the clinical method of observation. This told the doctors how to
study patients carefully and to keep good notes about their illness. He developed a natural
theory of Four Humours, these humours were: black bile, yellow bile, blood, and phlegm. If
the humours got out of balance then the person would become ill. There was also a code of
conduct for doctors called the Hippocratic oath, which said that treatments should benefit
the patients not the doctors.
Briefly describe the medical treatments provided at a Greek Asclepion
The medical treatments included having a lot of rest and bathing. It consisted if both natural
and supernatural ideas. They believed Asclepious the Greek God of healing would cure
them in their sleep. They would pray to the Gods. Also, they did exercise and had a good

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Briefly describe the medical advances of the Ancient Greeks
There were many medical advances, both natural and supernatural cures and causes for
disease. Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, developed the natural theory of Four
Humours. These were, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood. If these humours were
out of balance then the person would become ill. The doctors also followed clinical
observation. They would observe and examine the patients very closely. Supernatural ideas
included praying to Asclepious, the God of healing.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Vesalius did a lot of work to do with the anatomy of the body. He proved Galen wrong
through dissection. He discovered that Galen was wrong about the human jawbone humans
have one bone not two separate bones like animals. He also wrote a book called `The
Fabric of the Human Body.' He dissected bodies to find out how the human body worked
and got artists to draw what he dissected.…read more




Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »