Medicine Through Time (after Romans, up to end of 20th Century) Revision Cards - GCSE History

Hey! This is the second part of my revision cards for GCSE History, these focus on medicine after the Romans and up to the end of the 20th Century, as the name suggests :P

I hope this of great use to people who are doing GCSE History (and like me have an exam in June) and to anyone who is doing an exam I wish them luck and I hope these will be of use to them.

I haven't included the details about Penicillin or any of the famous people after the Romans since I found that there were TOO MANY SLIDES! (and my laptop didn't appreciate it :P) so I'll be doing another presentation on the Famous Dudes as well as Penicillin. Till then, I hope this helps!


Slides in this set

Slide 1

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Through Time
After the
Romans GCSE -
Revision…read more

Slide 2

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These are some of the dates you NEED to
Important Dates
Dark ages - 400-1000
Medieval era - 1066-1450
Renaissance - 1450-1650
Industrial revolution - 1750-1900
Ambroise Paré - 1510-1590
Andreas Vesalius - 1514-1564
William Harvey - 1578-1657
Black Death ­ 1600s
Edward Jenner - 1749-1825
Nitrous Oxide invented - 1800
1st Cholera outbreak ­ 1831-32
Births Registered ­ 1836
Ether used in surgery -1846
Anti-Septic Surgery - 1847…read more

Slide 3

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This was one NASTY thing to get; definitely
beats your standard cold! The Black Death
Origins; thought to have been caused by bacterium called YESINIA PESTIS, as well as thought
to have originated (came from) Asia
Carried By Rats; the fleas on the rats on ships transported the disease around the globe (many
sailors died of the Black Death on long voyages)
Signs & Symptoms; had three types of the disease (like strains of the flu virus). Septicaemic
Plague; a form of blood poisoning and was the least common of the three ­ mortality rate almost
100% for most cases. High fevers and purple skin patches were main symptoms. Bubonic
Plague; the most common during the Black Death ­ mortality rate of roughly 30-75%. Fevers,
headaches, painful aching joints, nausea and vomiting were the symptoms (4 out of 5 died within
8 days). Pneumonic Plague; the second most common form ­ mortality rate of 40-95%. Fevers,
coughs, blood-tinged spit were some of the obvious symptoms
Consequences Of Black Death; it killed an estimated 75-200 million people in 14th Century;
Jews attacked as there was no real explanation so thought it was evil magic and witchcraft;
prohibition of exports of foodstuffs damaged some countries that couldn't produce enough crops
due to lack of labourers (they were busy being dead).…read more

Slide 4

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Some of the stuff makes you cringe and Medieval
thank the century you're living in doesn't Medicine
it? ; had primitive style pain-relievers (no, not hammers) such as a drink called Dwale
which contained Opium (which you shouldn't ever take) as well as sponges soaked in Mandrake
root, or Opium, to numb the wound
Surgery (if you could call it that); they treated eye cataracts and bladder stones and believed to
have cleaned wounds (but deep wounds would become infected, naturally)
Hugh Of Lucca; improved the treatment of battlefield wounds (important dude)
Doctors/Surgeons; Hugh Of Lucca and Rhazes
Examinations; had Urine Charts had colours that corresponded to illnesses and diseases (pretty
cool but not always right and the treatments were crazy a lot of the time)
Balance Of The Four Humours; balancing the Four Humours had been Galen's idea and it
lasted the ages, believed to have been able to balance Humours via ­ purging (vomiting),
astrology and blood-letting (bleeding)
Medical Books; The House of Wisdom and The Canon Of Avicenna…read more

Slide 5

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10 Reason NOT to go to a Medieval Town!
Reasons; Medieval Towns
1. Water Supply; very complicated and became polluted (yuck!)
2. Town Authorities; didn't think they should build and maintain public health facilities
3. Sewage Streets; people threw their sewage (yep even the human sort) out onto the streets
making them into open sewers
4. Privies; built to drain into cesspits or streams (but cesspits needed emptying and streams
became open sewers)
5. Latrines; waste from them discharged directly onto streets
6. Vermin (RATS!); flourished in straw roofs, timbre walls and rush strewn floors (like their
own little ratty-heaven)
7. Plague & Sweating Sickness; caused by lack of hygiene and filth on streets, made towns
disease centrals
8. Water-courses; became blocked from sewage
9. Lack of Organisation; no policies or organisations to clean up the towns
10. Offal thrown into rivers; Butchers and Fishmongers threw leftovers from meat (bits that
can't be used) into rivers and sewage too!…read more

Slide 6

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The Towns were a mess
Medieval Towns VS
but the Monasteries' weren't; the table shows the
Dirty - filth on the streets, no where to clean Clean, Sanitary ­ believed that `Cleanliness
themselves up led to Holiness'
Unsanitary ­ lacked general hygiene, healthy Running Water ­ best thing to clean self with
diet, space
Open Sewers ­ more sewage meant more Flushable Latrines ­ didn't want to dirty
germs which meant more infections and themselves removing waste from privies;
diseases normally went into local rivers anyway
Unhygienic Living ­ didn't wash (rarely at Infirmary's ­ sick went there and healed away
best), didn't take care to wash food first from general populace; stopped spreading of
Overcrowded ­ many houses built back-to- Washed Hands ­ before and after meals
back with several families living in them (Cleanliness thing again)
No Public Health ­ no law or responsibility to Bathed 2/3 times a year ­ normally before
take care of people, government didn't care important events like Pentecost…read more

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