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Medicine and Treatment 1350-1750
-Galen wrote many books on medicine.
-He wasn't allowed to perform dissection of humans so his work was animal based.
-He was a Greek who came up with the idea of the Four Humours (see diagram) and ideas of
anatomy and surgery.
-His ideas were accepted as truth until the Middle Ages.
-His would treat problems with the Four Humours with the Theory of Opposites, e.g. too much
phlegm=eat more peppers etc.
Humour Season Element Qualities Ancient name
Blood Spring Air Warm and moist Sanguine
Yellow bile Summer Fire Warm and dry Choleric
Black bile Autumn Earth Cold and dry Melancholic
Phlegm Winter Water Cold and moist Phlegmatic
-Was the first doctor.
-Is possibly the most important man in medicine.
-Wrote many books.
-The Hippocratic Oath is what doctors have to swear by when they become doctors.
-Many people used traditional herbal cures.
-Women were allowed into the Guild of Apothecaries because they knew many traditional cures.
-They were very expensive.
-They were trained by the Church.
-The Church had access to the Latin medical texts and set up public hospitals.
Anatomy and Surgery
-Local assistants and barbers would perform medieval surgery.
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Corpse dissection for teaching began in 1300 but this didn't always work as they would look for
what the book said, instead of looking for anything new or different.
-There were not many surgical instruments, and pain, bleeding and infection made surgery tricky.
-Attempts were made at antiseptics and anaesthetics, but they were not widely adopted.
-The wealthy were reluctant to install sewers, like in Roman times.
-The monasteries tried to provide clean running water and effective toilets.…read more
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He was born in 1514.
-He was professor of surgery and anatomy in Padua.
-He was allowed to do dissections and proved Galen wrong (The heart has no septum, the liver has
no lobes, the jawbone is one big bone, the sternum has 3 parts, not 7).
-He did his own dissections, wrote books and illustrated them.
-Wrote `The Fabric of the Human Body', one of the most important medical books ever.
-He was born in 1578 and studied at Padua.…read more