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Media Studies AS Revision
Revision Notes: MEST1 Overview…read more

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Media Language/Forms
You need to consider: What does the colour represent, what atmosphere
does it create? For example yellow represents joy
and creates a warm atmosphere.
Different angles achieve different effects. An extreme
Camera Angles close up can be done to bring attention to detail but it can
also achieve intimacy or make the audience
Dress codes Can be anything ranging from
props to lighting.
Body language
This is known as the
Written codes (such
as font,size,style) For example , fast pace editing can
create a feeling of urgency; this can be
due to excitement or fear.
Diagetic and Non-diagetic sounds have
Sound different effects. Non-diagetic sounds help
to set the mood whereas diagetic sounds
such as voices are often used to tell a story.…read more

Slide 3

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Semiotics ­ the study of signs
It examines how symbolic,written and technical signs construct meaning.
Looks at how meaning is made and understood.
Lighting Signifier & Signified
High Key Lighting:
oAble to see everything The Signifier:
oNothing is hidden oThe sign: could be a word, colour or image
oCould represent happiness, summer
(i.e. the colour blue)
oLikely to be used in a comedy or a light hearted film The Signified:
oThe concept/meaning/assicuations with
Low Key Lighting:
oFear the sign (i.e. blue is associated with
oIntroduction of a villain sadness or the sea)
oSense of mystery
oLikely to be used in a horror film
Example: `The coulour yellow is a signifier
that signifies joy, sunshine or a happy
Coloured lighting: atmosphere.'
oUsed to give a particular effect to a scene. A golden glow is
often used to light a scene where a solf, flattering effect is
Diagetic Lighting:
oNatural lighting that belongs to the scene , such as a lamp, All media texts have two layers of meaning:
torch or the sun. oDenonative level ­ what we actually see
oConnotative level ­ what you associate with it
Example:'Blue sky is a denotation , its connotation is
summer,purity or a happy atmosphere.…read more

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Camera Angles
Wide shot/Very long shot ­ used to show the setting. Figures will be small , this is often
used to establish a scene and give the audience an idea of context.
Long shot- figures will be seen from head to toe, some background will be seen. Often
follows up a wide shot to focus on a person.
Mid shot/Medium shot- this is used to clearly identify what the subject is doing. Usually
from the waist up.
Mid close up- this shot focuses on a frame that shows their chest to their head.
Over the shoulder shot- often a mid close up , looking over a persons shoulder ,
commonly used in soaps.
Close up- Focuses on the face of a person. It creates an intimate feeling for the
audience or focuses on detail.
Extreme close up- focuses on one area of the face to show an emotion or expression.…read more

Slide 5

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Camera Angles
Low angle shot- it makes the subject look bigger,overpowering,
important or threatening.
High angle shot- makes the subject appear vunerable, weak or
Point of view shot- to show someones point of view- for example
looking through the eyes of a killer.
Dutch Angle- the camera is titled or slanted creating a feeling of
unease or disturbance.
Bird eye shot- the camera looking vertically straight down at the
Eye level shot- very common- looking at the subject at eye level.
Steadicam- camera is placed in a harness so that it remains
steady.…read more

Slide 6

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Diegetic Sound Non-Diegetic Sound
Sound whose source is visible on the screen Sound whose source is neither visible on the screen
or whose source is implied to be present by nor has been implied to be present in the action:
the action of the film: narrator's commentary
voices of characters sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect
sounds made by objects in the story mood music
Non-diegetic sound is represented as coming from the
music represented as coming from source outside story space.
instruments in the story space ( = source The distinction between diegetic or non-diegetic sound
music) depends on our understanding of the conventions of
Diegetic sound is any sound presented as film viewing and listening. We know of that certain
originated from source within the film's world sounds are represented as coming from the story
Diegetic sound can be either on screen or off world, while others are represented as coming from
outside the space of the story events. A play with
screen depending on whatever its source is
diegetic and non-diegetic conventions can be used to
within the frame or outside the frame. create ambiguity (horror), or to surprise the audience
Another term for diegetic sound is actual (comedy).
sound Another term for non-diegetic sound is commentary
sound.…read more

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