MEDC Tropical Storm Case Study: Hurricane Floyd

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MEDC Tropical Storm Case Study: Hurricane Floyd, 1999
2nd September 1999
Formed in the Atlantic ocean, off the coast of Africa
It hit land on 13th September 1999
It hit land first in the Bahamas
Effect on USA (MEDC Case Study)
It hit USA on 16 September 1999
It hit Cape Fear, North Carolina.
Social Impacts
79 deaths and thousands of injuries
500 mm of rain and 30,000 km2 flooded
1 million with no electricity or water supplies
4,000 left homeless
Economic Impacts
54,000 homes and dwellings destroyed or heavily damaged
Second highest flood insurance claims ever: 25,000 claimants recieved payments totalling $460 million
10% of North Carolinas tobacco crop was lost
Environmental Impacts
Storm surge in Nassau, Bahamas caused a number of boats to be beached or sunk
Oak Island lost 20m of beach and Wrightsville Beach on Barrier Island suffered considerable erosion with over 1m of sand being
blown onto beach roads
Agricultural losses estimated at $1 billion.
Prediction and Warning
Government-funded warning service in Miami
Satellites and meteorologists give early warnings so the population can be evacuated
Hurricane Floyd interstate 26 can be used to evacuate people
Preparing the Community
FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) provides advice and tips on how to survive hurricanes
Tips include how to prepare disaster supply kit
Protecting Buildings
Weaknesses in houses are windows, doors and roofs
Windows should be nailed down, with storm-shutters or shatter-resistant
USA have building codes ­ builders have to build houses in special ways to prevent as much damage as possible
Land Use Planning
US government is limiting the building of new developments in high risk coastal areas
High risk coastal areas should be used for recreational/leisure purposes rather than residential/service areas


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