Mechanisms

This is not mine, it is from this lovely website here:
http://www.a-levelchemistry.co.uk

They are from the AQA section but are useful to anyone that does mechanisms in their A-level

 These notes go into more detail than is necessary, and I am hoping to upload condensed versions soon :)

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  • Created by: Megan1808
  • Created on: 31-05-13 19:15
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First 89 words of the document:

ORGANIC MECHANISMS FOR UNIT 2
Mechanisms required: 1. free radical substitution
methane with chlorine
2. electrophilic addition
alkenes with hydrogen bromide
alkenes with bromine
alkenes with sulphuric acid
3. nucleophilic substitution
haloalkanes with hydroxide ions
haloalkanes with cyanide ions
haloalkanes with ammonia
4. elimination
hydrogen halides from haloalkanes
Remember: All curly arrows must originate from a lone pair or a bond
The lone pair must be shown
All free radicals must be shown clearly with a dot

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Initiation:
UV
Propagation:
Termination
Further propagation:
Different termination steps:…read more

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