Slides in this set
How is unemployment measured?
1. The International Labour Organisation (ILO)
measure:- The ONS carry out a survey on 60,000
people including employers, and they are asked about
their employment status 4 times a year.
2. The Claimant Count:-the claimant count includes all
those in receipt of unemployment-related benefits,
mainly job-seekers allowance.…read more
What is wrong with the measures
60,000 people may be too small a sample size and may
not be representative enough.
It's a telephone interview so people can lie.
It is time consuming and expensive.
The Claimant Count
People may claim benefits even if they are employed.
It cannot be used as an accurate measure of
employment to be used internationally.…read more
What are the different types of
1. Frictional unemployment:- this occurs when workers are searching for a
job. It takes time to search and find a new job. This is a short-run
2. Seasonal unemployment:- this occurs when people work during a
certain part of the year and are unemployed for the rest of the year e.g.
3. Structural unemployment:- this occurs when the economy goes through
a structural change. So workers become unemployed because they don't
have the skills to work in the new sector. The government would have to
train these workers so they have the new skills to work.
4. Cyclical or demand-deficient unemployment:- A recession occurs
when the economy shrinks, output falls unless jobs are available. Workers
can't get a job so they are unemployed. Unemployment occurs because
there's not enough demand in the economy.…read more
How does migration effect
Migration means people come into the UK and take the
jobs of British citizens. But migration means there are
more people in the UK so demand for goods and services
rise, employment rises. Migration creates jobs.
Migrant workers tend to accept lower wages and harsher
working conditions so they may fill the jobs that UK
citizens do not do. Migrant workers might have skills
that UK workers do not have.
Half the expansion on the NHS have been foreign
people. 31% of doctors are qualified overseas. 71% of
workers in catering are migrants.…read more