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Matching Hypothesis
Based on two
ii) Couples who are matched
i) or equally desirable will
have long happy
If someone is more socially relationships compared
desirable i.e.…read more

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Matching Hypothesis:
Cues of desirability
Physical attractiveness
Own attractiveness
Murstein (1972)
Positive correlations
M own + partners rating 0.50
F own + partners rating 0.45
Independent judges 0.…read more

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Supporting Evidence
Walster 1966
Blind date study
(computer dating
752 m and f students
told - matched by personality + aptitude
but matched at random except M taller than F
Secretly rated for physical attractiveness as collected tickets
Spent several hours together
Later separated, rate strength of desire to meet partner again
Found - physical attractiveness was main determinant
Physical attraction was most imp. factor in liking.
The most physically attractive were liked more by their partners.…read more

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But Murstein's study lacks
mundane realism because
they are lab/field studies and
don't show matching by
similarity in the real world.
However the following studies
using real couples do provide
support for the matching
High reliability
hypothesis.…read more

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Evaluations its not the whole picture
Complex matching
Hatfield & Sprecher (2009)
Lack of attractiveness compensated for
by money, status, personality
Gender differences
Takeuchi (2006)
Physical attractiveness valued more by
men than women as older man often has
higher status, money, power
Role of third party
Xiaohe & Whyte (1990)
Friends, family, dating agency,
traditional matchmakers better at
judging compatibility over
6…read more

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Strengths of Matching Hypothesis
Research not gender specific
Aronson et al (1966) found that physical attractiveness was still
a priority when seeking a partner. This suggests the findings of
the matching hypothesis are universal and apply to any gender.
Silverman's research
high in ecological validity
By using a natural environment where couples do socialise and date
he was able to observe natural behaviour and prevent any demand
characteristics. Therefore, these findings can be generalised to
real life situations.…read more

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Weaknesses of the Matching Hypothesis
Experimenter Bias
Weakness of Silverman's research is experimenter bias. The
researcher could have been influenced by the 'halo effect'
because they saw both partners together. Therefore we should
treat the results with caution.
Physical attraction is an oversimplification as a sole explanation
because it is only a partial explanation and hence is reductionist.…read more

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Free Will v Determinism
Humans have a sense of free will
in that they can choose between
several courses of action .
However the social approach as all
other approaches in psychology
aims to identify the causes of
behaviour or what determines our
behaviour. In this sense all
approaches in psychology are
therefore deterministic.
The matching hypothesis implies we have no free will but
social theories usually represent soft determinism not hard
determinism. Social factors are important in determining
behaviour.…read more

Page 10

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Celebrity Couples Matching Exercise
Using one side of A4 summarise The Law
of Attraction and The Matching Hypothesis
Provide two studies in support, two studies
against if possible and evaluate the methods
used. You could also comment on some issues
and debates.…read more



helped so much thank you

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