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Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance- Unit Guide notes




Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance

Marxists argue that the nature and organisation of capitalism creates the potential for criminal
behaviour, it is illustrated in two ways:
David Gordon argues that capitalism is characterised by class inequalities in the distribution
of…

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Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance- Unit Guide notes




Type of crime Example
Crimes Manufacturing and selling dangerous goods or foods; not ensuring the safety of
against passengers.
consumers
Crimes In the UK, between 1965 and 1995, 25, 000 people were killed in the
against workplace; about 70% of these…

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Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance- Unit Guide notes




Neo-Marxist explanations of crime and deviance- the `New Criminology'
Neo-Marxists are sociologists who have been influenced by many of the ideas of traditional
Marxism, which they combine with ideas from other approaches such as labelling theory.
The `New Criminology' of Ian…

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Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance- Unit Guide notes




Evaluation of the `New Criminology'
Left Realists have criticised the new criminology for over-romanticising working-class
criminals as `Robin Hoods' who are fighting capitalism by stealing from the rich and giving to
the poor.
The reality of crime is that most victims…

Page 5

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Marxist explanations of Crime and Deviance- Unit Guide notes




Unit Guide
Glossary of sociologists- Marxism

David Gordon argues that capitalism is characterised by class inequalities in the distribution
of e.g. wealth and income, poverty, unemployment and homelessness. He suggest that most
working-class crime is a realistic and coherent response to…

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