Slides in this set
Education is seen as a important part of the
superstructure in society.
It serves the needs of the economic base,
which contains everything to do with
production in society.
This base shapes the superstructure while the
superstructure maintains and justifies the
For Marxists, education performs two main
functions in capitalist society:
It reproduces the inequalities and social
relations of production of capitalist society.
It serves to justify these inequalities
through the myth of meritocracy.…read more
NEO-MARXIST ALTHUSSER (1971)
He argues that education is a ideological
state apparatus. That it's main function is to
maintain and reproduce class inequalities
in wealth and power, by transmitting
capitalist values disguised as common values.
Ideology in education works by exerting its
influence subconsciously. Althusser argues
that this is done through the hidden
curriculum. Working class people are
encouraged to conform to the capitalist
system and accept failure and inequality
He has called the means by which the
working class are ideologically forced to
accept their failure and limited social
mobility as justified `symbolic violence'.
Their cultural attributes are rejected
because the system is defined by and for
middle class who in turn succeed by default
rather than ability. Their cultural assets are
seen as worthy of investment and reward and
hence have greater value as cultural capital.…read more
Bowles and Gintis (1976) argue that education serves
to reproduce directly the capitalist relations of
production the hierarchy of workers from the boss
down with the appropriate skills and attitudes.
Bowles and Gintis correspondence theory, suggests that
what goes on in schools corresponds directly to the
world of work.
Schools reproduce sets of workers with the
appropriate ways for being for the position that they
come to occupy. This explains why White middle class
pupils tend to do better whatever their ability.…read more