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Page 1

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Marxism: role of education
Bourgeoisie exploit proletariat
Education transmits R/C ideology
Produces submissive, obedient
workers-reproduces inequalities of capitalist
society
Justifies inequalities through MYTH OF
MERITOCRACY

Page 2

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Children learn to accept inequalities as fair



IDEOLOGICAL STATE APPARATUS

IDEOLOGY passed on through HIDDEN
CURRICULUM

W/C encouraged to conform to capitalist system

Page 3

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W/C accept subordinate status

CORRESPONDENCE THEORY
Reproduces workers with skills for their
position-HIERARCHY
Over taught-maintains high unemployment
Conform?
HIDDEN CURRICULUM
Accept inequalities

Page 4

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Justify through MYTH OF MERITOCRACY
Support:

1. 1 in 5 students in H.E. are W/C. Supports Marxists
ideas of elitism

2. W/C rather work, concerned about debt. Supports
correspondence theory-socialised to not challenge
R/C power

Page 5

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3. Research done in 70s. More relevant now
Criticisms:
1. Can't prove HIDDEN CURRICULUM exists
2. Ignores gender & ethnicity
3. Overemphasises correlation
4. Don't see it's route to better life
5. National curriculum wasn't to produce obedient
workers
6. Doesn't produce docile workers-conformity?

Page 6

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7. WILLIS- W/C anti-school subculture

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