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Item B
Marxist sociologists explain capitalist society by focusing on social class and class
divisions. For Marxists, therefore, crime can be seen as a reaction against an
unequal society. Crime is not the fault of the individual but is linked to their social
position and the unequal distribution of wealth in society. This means that the
working class is more likely to need to commit crime.
The police are also more likely to target areas where the working class live. On the
other hand, white-collar and other middle-class crimes often go unnoticed or
unpunished.
Other sociologists argue that blaming capitalism means that those who commit
crimes are thus not seen as responsible for their actions
· You must use the item.
· Do not use it as information
· Use it and then expand...so a following
phrase after you have used it would be...this
means that.…read more

Slide 3

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Paragraph 1
Use the item... `Marxist sociologists explain
capitalist society by focusing on social class and class
divisions' this means that...
· Outline the Marxist view of the structure of
society ­ bourgeoisie and proletariat.
· Need to state that Marx argued capitalism was
criminogenic.
· They argue that crime is committed by both w/c
and m/c differs to other theories ­ Gordon crime a
rational response.…read more

Slide 4

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Use the item... `Crime is not the fault of the
individual but is linked to their social position
(...) This means that the working class is more
likely to need to commit crime.' this means
that...
· Provide the reasons that Marx gives for why
w/c commit crime.
· Poverty, obtaining consumer goods (refer to
the London riots) and alienation and lack of
control over their lives.…read more

Slide 5

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Paragraph 3
Use the item... The police are also more likely to
target areas where the working class live' this means
that there is...
· Selective enforcement of the laws - refer to
Reiman.
· The law-making process benefits the ruling class ­
prevent laws being passed that threaten their
interests (Chambliss).
· White collar and corporate crime is usually
ignored (use examples to support your point)…read more

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Paragraph 4
· Mention ­ Neo Marxists and their assertion that
crime is based on free will and a political choice.
Refer to item `Other sociologists argue that blaming capitalism means that
those who commit crimes are thus not seen as responsible for their actions'. Left
realists (LR) are critical of the Marxist and Neo-
Marxist approach because...
Traditional Marxists ­ focus too much on corporate
crime and neglect w/c crime and it effects.
Neo ­ Marxists romanticise w/c criminals as Robin
Hood stealing from the rich to give to the poor ­
however LR argue that w/c criminals tend to
victimise other w/c people not the rich.…read more

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