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Theory and Methods: Marxism
Introduction: the owners of the economic structure control society ­ they create values and
relationships based on their own interests ­ less powerful groups generally accept those
values & relationships even though they may not be in their interests ­ MARX began by
suggesting history can be divided into 5 periods or epochs by changes in economic
arrangements ­ like functionalism it aims to create a total theory of society, linking
individuals w/the structural context of society derived from the 19th…read more

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This will usher in a final epoch of comm
CRITICISMS of MARX: MARXs theory id very heavily criticised ­ political & sociological ­ the
crisis hasn't occured, cap has grown stronger ­ tiny minority of rich & huge poor not
occurred, inequality but m/c ­ cap has changed since MARXs death
NeoMarxism
Ideas have been developed by a wide range of sociologists
THE FRANKFURT SCHOOL
Three neomarxists; MARCUSE, ADORNO, HORKHEIMER
Criticised MARX for being an economic determinist ­ they felt that society was
determined more…read more

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Both ultimately work for the benefit of cap but perform their task with huge
variation
Overall ALTHUSSERs work noted the more complex view of society & moved
Marxism forward
HARVEY ­ late modernist approach to Marxism
1990 moves Marxism forward into postmodern framework
Feels move results from economic changes in the `70s
Move from manufacturing to commerce, media & retail as the main employers
coupled w/the development globalisation
HARVEY feels cap has been clever in its response to changes
HARVEY believes cap has developed new…read more

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