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Why did the Japanese invade Manchuria?
The first major test for the League came when the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931.

Since 1900 Japan's economy and population had been growing rapidly. By the 1920s Japan was
a major power.
1. It had a very powerful army and navy ­ army…

Page 2

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However, in February 1933, instead of withdrawing from Manchuria the Japanese announced
that they intended to invade more of China. They still argued that this was necessary in
self-defence. On 24 February 1933 the report from the League's officials was approved by
42 votes to 1 in the Assembly. Only…

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