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Page 2

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China

-What is the policy
-Why was it introduced

-Pros and cons of the policy

-Population pyramid

-Stage Of The DTM and why

-Development indices facts and figures

-Evaluation

Uganda

-What is the policy
-Why was it introduced

-Pros and cons of the policy

-Population pyramid

-Stage Of The DTM…

Page 3

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What Is The Policy?

In 1979 in China the one child policy was introduced. This policy meant that rules
were introduced to try and limit couples to having a maximum of one child.

Under the original policy couples had to first obtain permission from local officials to
have a baby,…

Page 4

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Why Was It Introduced?



China has the largest population of any country in the world--over 1.3 billion.



Chairman Mao who led China from 1949 until his death in 1976, regarded a fast
growing population as a productive force necessary for China to become a great power.

This rapid growth in…

Page 5

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Pros And Cons Of The Policy

Some positive features to this policy are:

Requires population and family planning activities to proceed hand in hand with ef-
forts aimed at educating women, providing jobs, improving women's health and im-
proving women's status.

Requires not only wives but also husbands, to bear…

Page 6

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Population Pyramid




These population pyramids show how Chinas population has changed over the last 50

years and how it is predicted to change in the next 50 years. You can see on the 1980

pyramid the increase in population for the 5-9, 10-14 and 15-19 cohorts. You can also

see…

Page 7

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Stage Of The DTM And Why




China is in stage 3/4 of the DTM. China may be doing well with industrial develop-

ment but some areas have a very low GDP therefor it is debateable whether China is an

LEDC or MEDC.

China falls into the sate 3/4/ category for…

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Indicator Name 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
GDP per capita (current US$) 175.865754 193.0220513 291.7744907 314.4306005 604.2280606 949.1823289 1731.125525 4392.611068
Literacy rate, adult female (% of fe-
males ages 15 and above) 68.07207742 86.5265951
School enrollment, secondary, female
(% gross) 43.30033 31.49569 32.55294 47.50562
School enrollment, tertiary…

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Policy Evaluation

The policy has prevented up to 100 millions births. The fertility rate has dropped to

1.8. Some people think that it wasn't just the one-child policy that slowed population

growth. They say older policies about leaving longer gaps between children were more

effective, and that Chinese people want…

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What Is The Policy?

In Uganda they have many different strategies to tackle their problem of a rapidly growing

population. Theses strategies focus on several main points including:

Family Health-enhancing family health by promoting male involvement in family
planning and encouraging both natural and modern methods of family planning
Education-ensuring…

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