Managing natural resources: Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)

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Global issues population and resources
Managing natural resources- common fisheries policy (CFP)
CFP aimed to make fisheries in Europe more sustainable allowing for a more
constant and reliable supply of fish in the future.
This was focused on controlling the amount of fish that could be caught which was
called the total allowable catch (TAC). This is the maximum quantity of fish that
can be caught each year and this is limited by minimising mesh sizes, closure of
certain areas to protect fish stocks, banning some types of fishing and recording
catches in log books. The limit is based on biological limits of that species which
has been predicted by scientists.
Evidence to suggest the CFP isn't working
Fishing operators view the TAC's as too severe
Scientists say the TAC `s are too high to be sustainable
TAC's have meant that a lot of fish caught have to be thrown back, leading
to a waste of a resource
Many species such as Cod are below the safe biological limits due to the EY
ignoring advice from experts meaning the TAC's are set too high beyond the
capacity to regenerate so it can't be sustainable.
Overfishing still occurs as the limit of TAC's meant that fish have to be
thrown back
The conflict between the environment in terms of fish species and the
economic need of the industry results in fishing techniques being too
advanced for the TAC limit.
Small budget of the CFP (less than 1bn Euros) means policing the policy in
all areas is hard
This policy focuses on supply and not demand. Therefore the demand for
fish is still high, which is leading to more use of fish. The demand must be
decreased in order for the CFP to work and the fish populations of the EU
to become sustainable


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