Making a Living

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  • Created on: 14-06-11 12:04
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Case Studies
Employment structure in an MEDC e.g. UK
agriculture: 1.2%
industry: 23.8%
services: 75%
Environmental impacts of deindustrialisation in MEDCs e.g. London Docklands
Deindustrialisation in the 1970s
Positives Negatives
Less air pollution Fewer jobs in the secondary industry
More land available More unemployment so less disposable income
Less water used in industrial processes Deteriorating infrastructure
Less energy used Visual pollution
Less CO2 emitted Less trade (exports) so less income for the area
Reduced noise pollution Need to transport goods from abroad
Reduced traffic congestion near factories Derelict land = vandalism and littering
Environmental impacts of diversification in MEDCs e.g. Trafford Centre
Factor Positives Negatives
Environmental Shops in small area reduces the need to Congestion
drive around Travel: air pollution, fossil fuel
Attractive: less visual pollution. consumption.
Warehouses could have been built there Less open land
Constantly trying to reduce waste sent to Free parking
landfill Creates lots of waste
Tries to recycle Consumerist lifestyle
Public transport access Lots of resources in
manufacturing products
Socio-Econom Tertiary employment: 8000 jobs Other shops could lose business
ic Less unemployment to shops that are situated within
More variety of goods and services the Trafford Centre
Boosts the economy
Environmental impacts of industrialisation in LEDCs e.g. Chongqing, China
Negative Positive
One of the most polluted cities in the world Landfill sites could be turned into golf
Bad air quality/pollution from factories. CO2 leads to There's some attempt to improve slum
global warming and smog housing
Waste goes to landfill and none is recycled: visual and There's some public transport
smell pollution
Untreated sewage into Yangtze river: fish die
Electricity consumption if increasing which is mainly
produced by coal fired power stations
Urban Sprawl, loss of Greenfield sites, lose plants
Light pollution

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Visual pollution: skyscrapers, slum housing
Primary Extracting or gathering raw materials from the land or sea. Farmer
Secondary Manufacturing raw materials to make a product Factory worker
Tertiary Providing a service Teacher
Quaternary Providing information and expert help I.T. technician
Informal Employment: Child Labour. Street Sellers. Self-employed. Cash in Hand. No Trade Unions.
It used to be rife in the UK and parts of Europe, known as the `black economy' ­ in particular
it involved the building trade.…read more

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Renewable energy
Recycling waste
Reducing packaging…read more


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