Maintenance of political stability

A basic overview of how Tudor governements maintained political stability - OCR specification

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Maintenance of Political Stability
Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary Elizabeth
Church Appointed Archbishop Wolsey made active All political offices Cardinal Pole was Lord All political offices
as Lord Chancellor, use of Courts of Star were held by Chancellor, but the by non-clergymen
looked to bishops for Chamber, Requests non-clergymen rest of the political
advice and expected and Chancery, royal offices were held by
Pope to support him commissioners non-clergymen
helped maintain law
and order, break
from Rome
relations ­ neither
Sermons nor
Homilies could
prevent 1547 revolts
­ clergy had a vital
role in law
enforcement before
1530 ­ priests
instructed to preach
at least 4 times a
year on obedience

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Maintenance of Political Stability
Parliament ­ met Tried and convicted Tried Suffolk in 1554 Used to endorse Tried Essex in 1560
infrequently and Darcy and Hussey, religious changes used to pass subsi
only when the changes to religious and protect the
monarch laws had to be Queen, used to
commanded, 1536 agreed by endorse religious
turning point Parliament, religious changes, MPs vote
changes through on subsidies up to
Parliament saw little the normal level, A
opposition and for the Queen's Sa
considerable support, (1584), gentry…read more

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Maintenance of Political Stability
The Law ­ courts Built on foundations Financial courts (First Financial courts
created to suit a laid down by Yorkist Fruits and Tenths) amalgamated to
specific purpose, kings, used Court of Exchequer in 1554
Court of Wards Exchequer and Court
retained separate of Kings Bench to hear
status and serious criminal cases
Royal Councils ­ Used mainly bishops Council of the North Council underwent Elizabeth's cousin
played a major part and noblesas as worked as regional further reforms after became…read more

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Maintenance of Political Stability
JPs ­ held a judicial Used least effectively Used most effectiv
role, could order in 1549 ­ Somerset by Elizabeth in 159
Sheriffs and Bailiffs didn't realize there was
to search for a lack of powerful JPs
robbers, dispensed
justice at local level
Nobility Lovel was suppressed Norfolk and Suffolk Lord John Russell Essex was support
with the help of Sir helped suppress the helped suppress the by the Earl of
Richard Edgecombe Amicable Grant and Western rebellion and Nottingham, Edmu…read more

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Maintenance of Political Stability
Legislation Acts of Attainder to 1536 ­ Act of Union 1547 ­ Vagrancy Act 1563 ­ Statute of
control nobility, use of 1536 ­ Act of 1547 ­ Treason Act Artificers ­ restrict
bonds and Supremacy 1547 ­ Chantries Act movement of labo
recognisances 1536 ­ Act of 1548 ­ Banned all as unemployed
Dissolution preaching travelled to look fo
1536 ­ Act of Ten work
Articles 1571 ­ Anti-Catho
1536 ­ Act of Six penal laws ­ had t
Articles…read more

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Maintenance of Political Stability
Broad Observations
As the century wore on, the nobility was used to increasingly good effect in preventing rebellions
The role of the church as advisors declined as the century wore on
Parliament was used most effectively by Henry VIII and Elizabeth I
Treason laws became stricter and harsher throughout the century
Legislation was used best at the start and end of the Tudor period
When nobility were more trusted and were given more authority, they were less rebellious and more helpful…read more


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