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BACKGROUND
The hippocampus is the part of the brain which focuses
on spatial orientation and navigation
Humans have two hippocampi- left and right
The posterior hippocampus has been seen to grow
when necessary- For example, small mammals who
engage in behaviour requiring spatial memory have an
increased volume in their posterior hippocampus
Maguire wanted to know if this would be true for
humans too...
They predicted that the hippocampus would be the
most likely brain region to show changes…read more

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BACKGROUND
To test this prediction, the researchers
decided to use LONDON TAXI
DRIVERS as they HEAVILY RELY on
SPATIAL NAVIGATION SKILLS in
their everyday working lives…read more

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THE KNOWLEDGE
· In order for a taxi driver to obtain their license
they need to gain `The Knowledge'
· This is a detailed knowledge of around 320
routes which covers over 25,000 streets
· They learn this through hundreds of hours of
research on a small motorbike AND practicing
spatial navigation intensively everyday
· Maguire wanted to know if their hippocampus
has now become larger as a result…read more

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AIM:
To find out whether taxi
drivers have DIFFERENT
brain structures to non
taxi drivers…read more

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HYPOTHESIS:
Taxi drivers WOULD have a
STRUCTURALLY
DIFFERENT hippocampus
compared to non taxi
drivers…read more

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