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Page 1

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Basics =
- Known as Justices of the peace.
- Just fewer than 29,000 lay magistrates in England and Wales.
-Part time but has to give a commitment of 26 and a half days per year.

Qualifications and eligibility to be a Magistrate.

Six general personal qualities that…

Page 2

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· There is then a second interview (if the first interview is successful) which would
include examples of cases magistrates deal with which get discussed.

· If the second interview is successful, the applicant gets appointed by the Secretary
of State and Lord Chancellor on behalf of and in the…

Page 3

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- To announce the decision to the Court (done by the chairman)
- To sign police warrants.
- To impose sentences of up to 6 months and fines of up to £5000.
- To send serious cases to the Crown Court.
- To decide on bail or custody.
- Magistrates…

Page 4

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Basics =
- Role is to decide based on the evidence presented whether a defendant is guilty or not
- Made up of 12 jurors.
-Should be a unanimous decision but can be reduces to 11:1 or 10:2.
- 500,000 people are summoned every year.
- Normally for…

Page 5

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jurors may rely on them for explanations of the law or procedures in the case.

Jury vetting and challenges.

Rule about jury selection: Jurors should be selected at random from the jurors in waiting.
The Juries Disqualification Act identifies those who are disqualified or ineligible. The
prosecution can only challenge…

Page 6

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Public confidence: The right to be tried by peers.
Open system of Justice: Public are involved.
Impartiality: Randomly selected and is a cross section of society (not case-hardened.
Juries are racially balanced: Representative/ less discrimination.

Disadvantages of using jurors.

Not truly representative: Those ineligible, excused or deferred.
Lack of ability…


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