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Unit 1 LAW01 Law Making and the Legal System


1. How lay magistrates are selected and appointed.

There are about 30.000 lay magistrates sitting as part-time judges in the
Magistrates' Courts. Magistrates, who are also known as Justices of the Peace, sit
as a bench…

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The Lord Chancellor had made it clear that he requires broadly equal numbers of
men and women, occupation, ethnic origin and, to a lesser extent, political
affiliation and age.

The committee will finally recommend names to the Lord Chancellor, who
usually accepts their recommendations and who will then formally appoint…

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3. The jurisdiction (responsibilities) of magistrates.

Magistrates play by far the largest role in the Criminal Justice System as they try
about 97% of all criminal cases. This includes all summary offences and most
`either-way' offences. They also deal with preliminary hearings in the remaining
3% of criminal cases. Other…

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4. The advantages and disadvantages of magistrates
within the English legal system.


Magistrates have historically been an important part of the criminal justice system
for more than 1000 years. They enable members of the community to become
involved in the administration of criminal justice.

They provide a wider cross-section…

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The magistracy is often criticised as `middle-aged and middle-class', and therefore
magistrates are not a genuine cross-section of society. The report The Judiciary in
the Magistrates' Courts (2000) has generally confirmed this situation. Around
40% of lay magistrates are retired people, and they are mainly from professional
or managerial…

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1. The Selection and Appointment of Lay Magistrates

1. How many magistrates sit as parttime judges in the Magistrates' Court?
2. What do the initials JP stand for?
3. How many magistrates sit as a bench to hear a case?
4. What are the age limits for…

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3. What do you understand by preliminary hearings?
4. Name three other functions carried out by magistrates.
5. Name three civil matters that are also dealt with by magistrates.
6. What kinds of appeal do magistrates hear?
7. Where are most offences committed by young people (1017) heard?
8. What…

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Complete the following where required

The magistracy is often ..... as `middleaged and middleclass', and therefore magistrates are not a
genuine .....section of society. The report The Judiciary in the Magistrates' Courts (2000) has
generally ..... this situation. Around 40% of lay magistrates are ..... people, and they are mainly…

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1. The qualifications required for jury service.

The qualifications for jury service are laid down in the Juries Act 1974, which
requires jurors to be aged 18-70. Jurors must be on the electoral register and they
must have been resident in the United Kingdom for at least 5 years…

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2. How jurors are selected for jury service.

The names of prospective jurors are randomly selected from the local electoral
roll. They must be registered as a parliamentary or local government elector.
There is a further selection at court.

At court the jurors are divided into groups of 15 and…


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