key study

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: rose
  • Created on: 18-05-12 11:38
Preview of Madon

First 265 words of the document:

AIM ­ to investigate whether a parent's expectation of their child's drinking habits would become a
DESIGN ­ natural experiment?
115 children 1213yrs
Questionnaire for parents/children
Parents estimated how much their child drank and would drink in the coming year
Year later, children said how much they actually drank
Children who drank the most, were the ones whose parents predicted the most
Only one parent needed to have a negative opinion to affect child
Child seemed at greater risk if both parents held a negative view
Parent's prediction of child's alcohol use was accurate
The parent's expectation were consistent with alcohol use after 12 months
There is a self fulfilling prophecy because the parent's expectation came true
Parents' expectation can have a massive influence on a child's behaviour
Strength Weakness
Large sample generalisable Questionnaire ­ time consuming
Interview ­ qualitative data (in depth) Parents may not have influenced children ­ it
may just have been an accurate guess
Reliable ­ standardised as same questionnaire Other people could have influenced children
can be used again such as friends
Study gives strong warning to parents about Extraneous variables are not controlled so only
holding negative beliefs about their children a correlation is shown
Social desirability bias
children say they drink more to look tough or
say less in case their parents find out

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

parents say children drink more as they think it
is a badge of honour or say less because it is not
Low validity ­ could lie due to demand
characteristics or screw you effect or halo affect
Children may drink more due to increasing age
Socially sensitive Blaming parents will take
away responsibility
Protection from harm is broken as children are
drinking which is injurious to health
Check the drinking level before or at the same time of the estimation ­ this…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »