Slides in this set
Loftus and Palmer (1974)
AIM: To see if leading questions affect the accuracy of recall
METHOD: Two groups of participants were shown a film of a car
crash. One group was asked to estimate the speed the car was
going when it hit the other car, the other group was asked to
estimate the speed the car was going when it smashed the
RESULTS: The group whose question included the word
`smashed' gave a higher average estimate of speed than the
group whose question used the word `hit'.…read more
LOFTUS AND PALMER cont...
CONCLUSION: The word `smashed' influenced the estimate, so
leading questions do affect accuracy of recall.
EVALUATION: The participants were shown a film of a car crash.
A real car crash is likely to be far more surprising and
emotionally affecting than this.
APPLICATION: Police questioning police and other
investigators should avoid using leading questions when
questioning witnesses as these may cause inaccuracies.…read more