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The Alphabet Agencies
AAA Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Major New Deal program to restore agricultural prosperity by curtailing farm production,
reducing export surpluses, and raising prices.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act (May 1933) was an omnibus farm-relief bill embodying
the schemes of the major national farm organizations.
It established the Agricultural Adjustment Administration under Secretary of Agriculture
Henry Wallace to affect a "domestic allotment" plan that would subsidize producers of
basic commodities for cutting their output
. Its goal was the restoration of prices paid to farmers for their goods to a level equal in
purchasing power to that of 190914, which was a period of comparative stability.
CCC Civilian Conservation Corps
(193342), one of the earliest New Deal programs, established to relieve unemployment
during the Great Depression by providing national conservation work primarily for young
unmarried men. Projects included planting trees, building flood barriers, fighting forest
fires, and maintaining forest roads and trails.
Recruits lived in work camps under a semi-military regime; monthly cash allowances of
$30 were supplemented by provision of food, medical care, and other necessities.
The CCC, which at its largest employed 500,000 men, provided work for a total of
3,000,000 during its existence.
CWA Civil Work Administration
This administration was a part of the new deal presented and executed by FDR so that the
lives of employees would be a little bit easier, and filled with less hardship during the
It would also help keep from another depression happening, because of the job creation
and lower rate of unemployment.
The CWA provided work for the unemployed to help with financial and mental burdens,
assigning many Americans and immigrants to public projects and creations.
By January of 1934 the CWA had provided jobs for over 4 million Americans. Finally in
March of 1934 the federal government had to stop the organization because it was so
expensive to run, and administrate.
FERA Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Created by Hoover in 1932, FERA was established as a result of the Federal Emergency
Relief Act and was replaced in 1935 by the Works Progress Administration.
FERA under Hoover gave loans to the states to operate relief programs.
FERA's main goal was alleviating household unemployment by creating new unskilled jobs
in local and state government.
Jobs were more expensive than direct cash payments (called "the dole"), but were
psychologically more beneficial to the unemployed, who wanted any sort of job, for
self-esteem, to play the role of male breadwinner.
From May 1933 until it closed in December, 1935, FERA gave states and localities $3.1
FERA provided work for over 20 million people and developed facilities on public lands
across the country.
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FHA Federal Housing Administration
Provided jobs on long-term construction projects, and the Civilian Conservation Corps put
2,500,000 young men to work planting or otherwise improving huge tracts of forestland.
For homeowners, the Federal Housing Administration began insuring private
home-improvement loans to middle-income families in 1934; in 1938 it became a
home-building agency as well.…read more
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In U.S. history, New Deal government agency (193339) designed to reduce
unemployment and increase purchasing power through the construction of highways and
Authorized by the National Industrial Recovery Act (June 1933), the agency was set up by
President Franklin D. Roosevelt under the administration of his secretary of the interior,
Harold L. Ickes.…read more