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Linguistics Terminologies
Metaphors are no mystery
1. Allegory

(n.,)a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms figurative treatment of
one subject under the guise of another.

2. Analogy

(n.,)a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based:

3. Catachresis…

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From Asterisk to Umlaut: 40 Common Linguistic Terms


1. Ambiguous

(adjective)an expression exhibiting constructional homonymity or having two or more structural descriptions

2. Syntax

(noun)the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language

3. Semantics

(noun)the study of linguistic development by classifying and examining changes…

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10. Acquisition

(noun)the act or process of achieving mastery of a language

11. Strident

(adjective)characterized acoustically by noise of relatively high intensity, as sibilants, labiodentals and uvular
fricatives, and most affricates

12. Anterior

(adjective)distinctive feature analysis articulated in the region extending from the alveolar ridge to the lips alveolar,
dental,…

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21. Typology

(noun)the classification of languages according to structural features such as patterns of phonology, morphology,
and syntax, excluding their histories

22. Informant

(noun

)a native speaker of a language who supplies utterances and forms for one analyzing or learning the language

23. Lexeme

(noun)a unit within a language, such…

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(noun)a collection of maps of a certain area indicating the distribution of various phonological, morphological,
lexical, or other features of the dialects of that area

32. Language death

(noun)the complete displacement of one language by another in a population of speakers

33. Matrix sentence

(noun)a sentence in which another sentence…

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Irony and related concepts


1. Dramatic irony

(n.)irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped
by the characters in the play.

2. Irony

(n.,)the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its…

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2. Passive

(adjective)noting or pertaining to a construction similar to this in meaning

3. Present

(adjective)noting an action occurring at the moment of speaking

4. Determined

(adjective)predictable from its surrounding context

5. Nominal

(adjective)functioning like a noun

6. Conjunction

(noun)words distinguished in many languages by their function as connectors between…

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13. agree

(verb)to correspond in inflectional form in number, case, or gender to show consistency

14. Proper

(adjective)a noun or adjective designating a particular person or thing and written with an initial capital letter
Chicago, Monday, American


15. Prefix

(noun)an affix placed before a base or another prefix

16. Future…

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24. Plural

(noun)pertaining to a member of the category of number, a word has more than one referent

25. Agent

(noun)a noun or noun phrase denoting an animate being that creates the action expressed by the verb

26. Construction

(noun) a group of words or morphemes for which there is…

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36. Prepositional phrase

(noun)a phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object

37. Third person

(noun)used when the speaker refers to anyone other than the speaker or the one or ones being addressed using
the pronouns he, she, etc

38. Dangle

(verb)a modifier without a…

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