First 194 words of the document:
Spoken language revision
Linguistic features- interactive features of conversation
Phatic conversation- small talk that frequently opens and closes
conversations. Used to be social rather than informative.
Turn taking- number of turns (equal or unequal, which speaker speaks the
Length of turns- turns vary in length- speakers with the longest turns tend
to be the dominant speaker.
Adjacency pair- basic unit of conversation: an utterance and its response
such as a question and an answer.
Back channel behaviour- short, encouraging words used by a listener to
indicate that they want the speaker to continue talking and that they are
listening such as `mmm', `yeah'
Agenda setting- the speaker who controls the direction of the conversation-
often the most dominant speaker.
Dominance- the speaker who says the most and has the longest/most
frequent turns. A dominant speaker has long, frequent turns and uses strong
lexis and imperative utterances. The dominance leads to that speaker
setting the agenda.
Modes of address- the ways speakers address each other: can be informal