Life in Nazi Germany timeline

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  • Created on: 11-01-14 16:55
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Life in Nazi Germany AS LEVEL ­ Timeline
8th November 1923 ­ Munich Putsch
Hitler's first attempt at trying to take power by force.
Storm a beerhall meeting led by Lossow and Kahr and try and win
supporters for a `national revolution'.
Ludendorff (army general) and Hitler take to the streets where they are met by armed
Hitler and Ludendorff are arrested and trialled for treason, Ludendorff escapes a
prison sentence.
Hitler only serves 9 months of his sentence and is then released meanwhile the Nazi
party had started to disintegrate.
October 1929 ­ Wall Street Crash
Wide spread unemployment (by 1932 1 in 3 Germans
were unemployed).
Mass poverty and homelessness.
The KPD and NSDAP used the crisis to build support for
their parties. Streets became a battle ground between the two
March 1930 ­ Collapse of coalition Government
Headed by SPD member Herman Muller the Government collapsed after disagreeing
with how to deal with the financial crisis.
Replaced by Heinrich Bruning, a leading member of the Centre Party.
April 1932 ­ Hitler challenges the elections
Hitler challenges Hindenburg and achieves second place.
May 1932 ­ Franz Von Papen appointed Chancellor
July 1932 ­ NSDAP become biggest party in the Reichstag
November 1932 ­ NSDAP lose votes and seats
December 1932 ­ Schleicher becomes Chancellor
30th January 1933 ­ Hitler becomes Chancellor
Hitler negotiated and schemed with Franz Von Papen to create a coalition.
Von Papen wanted revenge against Schleicher.
30th January 1933 ­ Torchlight Procession
1000 SA members took to the streets in celebration of the Chancellorship.

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February 1933 ­ Hitler attends an Army dinner
Hitler tries to compromise with the army as they have the power
to undermine him.
Hitler talks to Hammerstein (commander in chief) and tells him
that he plans to rearm the army and that he would not undermine
the army's role as the most important institution in Germany.
In return the army gave Hitler a free hand to establish the dictatorship.…read more

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Held on the first official day of spring which symbolised a new awakening.
Showed the unity of the old and new Germany.
24th March 1933 ­ Enabling Act
The Enabling Act gave Hitler the power to rule by decree for four years.
It required twothirds majority vote to become law in the Reichstag.
Only the SPD deputies had the courage to vote against it but the SA intimidated the
opposition and unleashed attacks outside the Kroll Opera House.…read more

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July 1933 ­ Concordat signed with the Catholic Church
The Nazi regime promised not to interfere with the Church and that the Church could
keep control of its schools.
The Vatican recognised the regime and promised not to interfere with its policies.
However in the summer of 1933 the Nazis seized Catholic Lay Organisations and
forced them to close.
Catholic newspapers were forced to drop `Catholic' from their name.
The Gestapo and SS put Catholic priests under surveillance.…read more

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On the Night of the Long Knives the Gestapo arrested many of the SA leaders and
other political opponents. Rohm and at least 84 others were shot.
2nd August 1934 ­ Death of Hindenburg
After Hindenburg's death the army swore an oath of allegiance to Hitler which pledged
loyalty to him rather than to the constitution.…read more

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­ The Papal Encyclical
The Pope, Pius XI, decided that the Church could no longer remain silent in the face
of Nazi repression.
He issued an encyclical that condemned the hatred poured upon the Church that was
read out in services by Priests.…read more


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