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Life changes
· Big events in peoples lives that involve changes which
are either positive or negative
· Examples: starting a new job, going to university,
getting divorced
· All life changes are thought to be stressful as they
involve change. According to Richard Rahe, adjusting
to change involves using more `psychic energy' and the
less we have the more likely we are to become ill.…read more

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· Studied 2700 American sailors
· Asked them to complete a `social, readjustment,
rating, scale' questionnaire about events in the past 6
· Also asked them to say how many times they had been
ill within the past 7 months
· Found a positive correlation between questionnaire
score and the number of times they were ill
· This shows that the more change that happens in your
life, the more likely you are to become ill.…read more

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Rahe- evaluation
· Are life changes bad? Some changes can be positive-
people who get divorced have higher satisfaction
after the divorce
· Low population validity- as only American sailors were
studied this means that other people from different
countries and professions may react differently to
life changes so results can't be generalised to the
rest of the population…read more

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General life change evaluation points
· Score on life changes questionnaire is subjective-
some may get more stressed by some life changes
than others. This means that its hard to predict the
precise effects of life changes
· Other research has shown that daily hassles are more
damaging to your health
· Research is correlational this means that we can't be
sure that life changes are the cause of illness…read more


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