Life after death variety of points of view


HideShow resource information
  • Created by: marina
  • Created on: 02-07-12 09:46
Preview of Life after death variety of points of view

First 334 words of the document:

Life after death
Religion preaches that death is a stage we will pass
Paul's letter to Corinthians= absolute certainty of life after death= worthwhile
struggle against persecution
Reincarnation of Jesus= certain for Christians
Islam: life is preparation for after life judged bodies resurrected=
Many lives on earth
Reborn to have opportunity to develop spiritually
Life & death= mutually exclusive states so can't be both?
Flew: idea is meaningless so can't happen in reality
Logical positivists: impossible to test empirically & can't be
versified/falsified= meaningless
Live on: memories, descendants etc.
Kant and life after death
Necessary for moral reasons
Strive towards summum bonum afterlife achieved?
`ought' implies `can'
We must postulate the existence of God & afterlife in order for justice to be
Critics: sense may trick us to believe there is justice or what it is & afterlife
cannot compensate for the unfairness of this life
What is the soul?
Body is the vehicle for the soul
No definite agreement
Definition of being human= soul?
Locke: analogy of cobbler & prince what makes us who we are?: problem
with resurrection & reincarnation: dead person identical to another person in
a different body= incoherent
Mind & soul linked? Soul described as part of person which develops a
relationship with God mental illnesses not considered?
Christianity & Judaism: soul & body are different aspects on a single entity
Hinduism soul is more real than body body is simply physical vehicle which
the soul inhabits
Buddhism no soul as its based on illusion
Plato's understanding of the soul
Body constantly changing so immune to knowledge & depends on empirical
Soul capable of knowledge= immortal after & before life
Soul develops through course of life

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Inner mental life is more important: body is constantly changing so needs to
be guided by an unchanging soul
Reason charioteer & guide horses emotions and appetite
Memory= soul's experience in world of Forms
Socrates didn't fail his mission of educating people as the soul lives on
Life/death are opposites
Intuitions were evidence of knowledge attained before birth= soul lived in
world of Forms
Criticisms of Plato's view of the soul
Doesn't match our experience of ourselves as unified wholes do we not
have a…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Western belief in reincarnation
Pythagoras: Memories of past life gain wisdom and virtue through our lives
Benjamin Franklin and others say that they have lives another life and will
return to the world to live another life.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Advocates pluralist= understanding of truth of religion
Body & soul inseparable= resurrection
God creates a replica of individual in another world= omnipotence same
identity different form
Afterlife= soul making
Not conditional on accepting the doctrines of any particular religion
Resurrection in Islam
Ala khirah
Doubts= unbeliever
Earthly life is merely a preparation for the afterlife
Day of judgment= test
Jihad: A test for people who are faced with difficulties and struggles which
they must tackle in accordance with Muslim teachings
Will be resurrected from…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Christian understanding of the soul
Personhood= soul that differentiates us from all creations
Soul judged after death sinned= separated/ prospered= turned to Jesus
Soul has spiritual capacity to develop relationship with God
Creationism: God creates each individual soul every time a new baby is born
Traducianism: Soul inherited from parents e.g.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all resources »