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Life after Death

Plato was a dualist from 300BC who believed that the soul was distinct from the
body. At the end of life, the soul is set free from the body.
Plato held negative views regarding the body; he saw the body as mortal and the
soul as…

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The Linguistic Argument ­ the language we use to describe ourselves
suggest a distinction between the body and soul ­ `I' `me' `we' all refer to an
inner, separate reality
The Knowledge Argument ­ Plato believes we have the ability to
understand universals which are unaffected by time and space.…

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In judgement, moral people are rewarded and immoral people are punished after
Plato ­ Evaluation
Freud ­ Freud's theory of the unconscious mind is very similar to that of
Plato's tripartite soul. While Freud instead refers to the soul as the `psyche',
they still break up their soul into…

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Plants only have the faculty of nutrition as they only need to obtain food to stay alive.
Animals have nutrition, perception and desires; some animals are distinguished by
the faculty of locomotion.
Aristotle states that the soul is the efficient cause of the body as it causes movement

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Hick finally asks us to imagine that John Smith's replica reappears as a
resurrected replica in another world which is also inhabited by only
resurrected people ­ some kind of resurrected world
Hick proposes that if we can accept that these situations are logically possible, then
it is logically possible…

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Evolution is the only rational theory; it is not our soul which guides us but our genetic
makeup, over time the good genes survive and the bad genes die out.
He contends that death should not be feared and it is merely the `extinguishing of our
consciousness' and will be…

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When the atman is released from samsara, it will have achieved moksha; this
is the ultimate release from rebirth, and leads to union with Brahman
The speed at which a person can be freed from samsara is dependent on
their karma
Disembodied Existence
This is the belief that we can…

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Adam had the image of God but he was not in the likeness of God; God deemed
Adam and Eve immature and in need of developing, hence expelling them from the
Garden of Eden ­ they needed to grow into the likeness of God
Irenaeus believes suffering is a necessary…


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