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The Personality And The Moral Self;
The Conscience;
The Causally Undetermined Choice.
Shareen Akhtar…read more

Slide 2

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Libertarianism is used to describe two different
philosophical topics: -
1) Philosophy of the mind:- we are free to act and morally
responsible for our actions.
2) Political philosophy:- explores the relationship between
the individual and the community or state in terms of
rights and liberties that each has. Both have ethical
The Personality And The
Moral Self.…read more

Slide 3

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He was concerned with the idea that the individual should
not be crushed by the will of the many in society or by
the state.
· He believed that the views of the mob would crush the
diversity of the individual as the state would control what
they did.
· "The individual is not accountable to society for his
actions in so far as these concerns the interest of no
person but himself" (1996, p93)
· He also believed that there are some limitations on
humans such as, people must not harm one another.
John Stuart Mill (1806-73)…read more

Slide 4

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"The only purpose for which power can be rightfully
exercised over any member of a civilised community
against free will is to prevent harm to others" (1996
· For Mill, individuality is a part of what the good life is all
· Individuality means human development. If humans are
to grow and develop they must have free speech and
freedom of actions within reason.
· Identity is a feature of the particular choices made.
· Human personality is an expression of free will.
Continued...…read more

Slide 5

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Incompatibilists believe that free will is incompatible
with determinism.
· Libertarians hold this view as they believe that: -
· Humans must have free speech and freedom of actions to
grow and develop
· Humans have a sense of self-determination or freedom to
Incompatibilists…read more

Slide 6

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Humans only do actions that they are happy to perform
· We should only act in ways which fit in with our
principles, morals and beliefs
· Conscientious actions hold great importance for
· They see conscience as important, therefore seeing it as a
central feature of human dignity
· The erosion of conscience, through social pressure and
other factor, results in the person becoming less human as
they are limited on free moral decision making.
Conscience…read more

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