Liberal Reforms Notes

A summary of the Liberal Reforms of the 1900s in easy to process note form

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Liberal Reforms Notes
How the poor were helped before:
Charities such as Benados
There were no real government reforms
Orphans went to work houses
There were some charities
Their children provided for them
However there was no state pension
The Sick:
There were some charities
Their children provided for them if they could
Un or under employed:
There was some poor relief
There were plenty of work houses
There were also some charities like the Salvation Army and the Labour
Measures taken by Liberal Reforms:
Free school meals (1906)
o Local councils given power to provide free meals for children from the
poorest families
o Paid for from local rates- similar to council tax
o 1914- over 158,000 children have 1 free meal a day
School Medical inspections (1907)
o Doctors and nurses went to schools to give free compulsory medical
o Until 1912 any treatment needed to be paid for by parents
Children's Act (1908)
o Protected person's- parents could be prosecuted for cruelty
o Poor law authorities made responsible for visiting and supervising
children who had suffered cruelty or neglect
o All children's homes to be registered and inspected
o Children under 14 years not allowed into pubs
o Children under 16 not allowed to buy cigarettes
o Juvenile courts were created (borstals)

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School Clinics (1912)
o Provided free medical treatment for children
Pensions Act (1908):
o Weekly pensions from government funds to elderly- law in 1909
o Everyone over 70 eligible for a state pension
o A single person received 5s a week and a married couple 7s 6d (later
increase to 10s)
o Only given under certain conditions, e.g.…read more


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