Liberal Reforms Notes

A summary of the Liberal Reforms of the 1900s in easy to process note form

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Liberal Reforms Notes
How the poor were helped before:
Children:
Charities such as Benados
There were no real government reforms
Orphans went to work houses
Elderly;
There were some charities
Their children provided for them
However there was no state pension
The Sick:
There were some charities
Their children provided for them if they could
Un or under employed:
There was some poor relief
There were plenty of work houses
There were also some charities like the Salvation Army and the Labour
exchange
Measures taken by Liberal Reforms:
Children:
Free school meals (1906)
o Local councils given power to provide free meals for children from the
poorest families
o Paid for from local rates- similar to council tax
o 1914- over 158,000 children have 1 free meal a day
School Medical inspections (1907)
o Doctors and nurses went to schools to give free compulsory medical
checks
o Until 1912 any treatment needed to be paid for by parents
Children's Act (1908)
o Protected person's- parents could be prosecuted for cruelty
o Poor law authorities made responsible for visiting and supervising
children who had suffered cruelty or neglect
o All children's homes to be registered and inspected
o Children under 14 years not allowed into pubs
o Children under 16 not allowed to buy cigarettes
o Juvenile courts were created (borstals)

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School Clinics (1912)
o Provided free medical treatment for children
Elderly:
Pensions Act (1908):
o Weekly pensions from government funds to elderly- law in 1909
o Everyone over 70 eligible for a state pension
o A single person received 5s a week and a married couple 7s 6d (later
increase to 10s)
o Only given under certain conditions, e.g.…read more

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