Lexical and Semantic Change

A2 English Language - Language Change

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  • Created on: 30-04-13 20:53
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Lexical and Semantic Change
Activity 51
Burn v. Original: flame or glow while consuming a material such as coal or wood
Now: to copy onto a CD
Process: Broadening
Manga n. A Japanese genre of cartoons/comics with explicit violent/sexual imagery
From Japanese man (indiscriminate) and ga (picture)
Process: Compounding
Blamestorming n. Group discussion, assigning responsibility for someone who is to
blame
Process: Compounding
Wannabe n. A person trying to achieve fame, usually unsuccessfully
Process: Blending
Gastropub n. A bar where high quality food is served
Process: Compounding
WMDs n. Weapons of Mass Destruction
Process: Initialism
Blog n. A record of thoughts, opinions or experiences posted on the internet
Process: Compounding (weblog) abbreviation
iPod n. Original: a device that allows you to listen to music digitally whilst mobile
which is produced by Apple
Now: a device that allows you to listen to music digitally whilst mobile
Process of lexical change: Affixing/coinage
Process of semantic change: Broadening
Pimp n. A man who controls prostitutes, especially by finding them customers, for
profit
Process: Borrowing (originates from French pimpant: to dress alluringly
Activity 52
Word 1951 definition Modern definition Semantic Change
Bad 1. Not good; of poor quality; 1. Not good; of poor quality; Broadening
inadequate; inferior inadequate; inferior
2. Lacking skill or talent 2. Lacking skill or talent
3. Harmful 3. Harmful
4. Naughty, mischievous, 4. Naughty, mischievous,
disobedient disobedient
5. Immoral, evil 5. Immoral, evil
6. Rotten, decayed, spoiled
7. Severe, intense
8. Incorrect

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Ill or in pain
10. Regretful
11. Unfavourable, distressing
12. Offensive, unpleasant
13. Not valid or sound
14. Not recoverable
15. (slang) good; excellent
Bank 1. To hit 1. An institution offering financial Broadening
2. An institution offering services and associated
financial services business/buildings
2. A long raised mass of earth
3. Slope, as of a hill
4. Sloping side of any hollow in
ground esp. by a river
5. Elevated section, rising to near
the service, of the bed of a sea
6.…read more

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A homosexual man, typically one
who is ostentatiously effeminate
Sky 1. The region of the clouds or 1. The region of the clouds or the
the upper air; the upper upper air; the upper atmosphere of
atmosphere of the earth the earth
2. The heavens or firmament, 2. The heavens or firmament,
appearing as a great arch or appearing as a great arch or vault.
vault. 3. The supernal or celestial heaven
3. The supernal or celestial 4. The climate
heaven
Thatcher 1.…read more

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