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England in the 9th century was divided into many major and minor
kingdoms, such as King Alfred's Wessex.
During the 9th century there were many raids and wars between
kingdoms as well as constant feuding with pagan Danes [more
commonly known as Vikings].
The common language was Old English [Also known as Anglo-Saxon] ­
which has, between the 12-14th centuries, died out.
Before they became Christians, the Anglo-Saxons believed in a form of
Germanic paganism ­ close to the Old Norse religion. Christianity
replaced this old belief during the 7th and 8th centuries
Anglo-Saxon literature included epic poems [like Beowulf], sermons,
translations of the Bible, legal works, chronicles, riddles and others.…read more

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In AD 600, a Germanic people from northern
Germany and Scandinavia settled in Britain.
These peoples were made up of Angles, Saxons
and Jutes.
The term `Anglo-Saxon', came from the two more
dominant Germanic races ­ the Angles and the
Saxons.…read more

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At first, England was divided into numerous small
kingdoms, the main kingdoms consisting of:
Kent
Essex These kingdoms were formed
because the settlers were essentially
What made
Sussex tribal groups that were led by
each kingdom
different?
East Anglia warrior-aristocrats under one
What is
Lindsey chieftain or king. So through tribal
common? [Ven
agreement ­ after conquering
Bernicia England ­ these kings divided the
diagram]
Deira land because of the different tribes
Mercia amongst the Angles, Saxons, and
Jutes.
Wessex…read more

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-Some kingdoms
were more -They all had kings
powerful than other - All these kings
kingdoms. had to obey the
High King or
`Bretwalda'.…read more

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