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Page 1

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- Put communist theories into
practice by redistributing wealth
Aims of War Communism?
- Help with the Civil War by keeping
towns and the Red Army supplied
with food and weapons

Did War Communism Fail? Yes and no: although it did win them
the civil war and caused much

Page 2

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How did Lenin pass his laws now? Using The Congress of Soviets to pass
his laws (as they were majority

How did the Cheka maintain this Beating, hanging and shooting of
control? opponents or even just suspects

How long did democracy last in Less than 24hours, the Socialist

Page 3

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- Nationalism (state control of means of production - mines, factories,
workshops, railways etc)

- Private Trading Banned - shut down all private shops and businesses
What communist theories were out - Compulsory labour for citizens
into practice in War Communism? - Rationing of food

- Grain requisitioned from peasants…

Page 4

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What did the Bolsheviks do to stop Trotsky quickly created a new Red
the whites? Army of over 300,000 men

- End to requisitioning (peasants could sell their surplus)

- Small industries returned to private ownership, private trading
What did the NEP change? - Compulsory labour stopped

- Regular…

Page 5

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What happened in March 1918? Czech Legion (Whites) seized control
of large sections of the Trans-
Siberian Railway

What happened soon after March Three separate White armies were
1918? marching on Bolshevik-controlled
Western Russia

Admiral Kolchaks forces were
What happened to the Whites destroyed and at the same time the…

Page 6

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What was Lenins whew in the treaty? If this much had to be sacrificed to
safe guard the socialist revolution in
Russia then so be it

What was so shocking about the No trial was needed so many
terror? innocent people were killed or sent to
labour camps

What was…

Page 7

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What was the united anti-Bolshevik The Whites
group called?

The name given to the harsh
What was War Communism? economic measures (1918 - 21) that
the Bolshevicks adapted during the
Civil War

When and what was the first decree? 8th November 1917 asked for peace
with Germany

When did the…

Page 8

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When was the NEP? 1921 - 29

When was the treaty finalised? What The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was
was it called? finalised in March 1918

When were the Bolsheviks securely in By 1921
control of Russia?

Where were the Bolsheviks strongest Western Russia
in Russia?

- Socialist Revolutionaries
- Mensheviks…

Page 9

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Who suffered the most during the Fighting was savage in both sides but
civil war? the ordinary workers and peasants
suffered most

Who was put in charge of negotiating Leon Trotsky
the Peace Treaty?

Who was the new Red Army led by? Former Tsarist Officers

Who won the majority vote…

Page 10

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Why did he feel as if he had to deliver To keep the Bolsheviks in power
this promise?

They did not like the Bolsheviks but if the
Whites won they knew the landlords
Why did peasants prefer Bolsheviks would return and claim their land
to the Whites?
They Whites also…


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