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Left realism 1
· Left realism is a neo Marxist approach
· This refers to a more modern, up to date Marxist account which
focuses on factors outside of the inequalities experienced in work,
e.g. home, government, media
· It accepts inequalities in wealth and life chances cause crime
· The proletariat have less money and therefore cannot afford
private education and may do less well in the education system,
leading to less life chances
· It rejects the economic determinism of classical Marxism
· Argues that working class crime is committed against other
members of the same class (see extract on Grimethorpe - `no pit no
point') and is not modern day Robin Hood, stealing from the rich
and giving to the poor…read more

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Left realism 2
· Young and Lea identify 3 key terms in explaining crime
Relative deprivation- when someone is deprived of
something which they see someone else has got
Marginalisation- when people get pushed out of society,
not fully accepted e.g. unemployed
Subcultures- form subcultures who share similar norms and
values which are different from society e.g. stealing to get
· In the study `what's to be done about law and order'
argue that group deprivation in relation to others e.g.
ethnic minorities, combined with higher expectations
and higher living standards leads to higher crime rates…read more

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Left realism 3
· Young and Lea was seeing higher rates of street
crime to result from poverty, unemployment,
discrimination and marginalisation, they see
factors like racist labelling (police enforcement,
discretion) are not the only factor in explaining
higher crime rates
· They see there was a real increase in crime
amongst the Afro- Caribbean population. It was
not merely the result of police stereotyping and
scapegoating…read more

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Left realism 4
· In suggesting ways to deal with crime, left realists
argue that policy makers (government and local
politicians) should concentrate on how to limit
crime and the harm that this does to subcultures
which are part of a disadvantaged society
· This can be done through:
Improved relationships- via community policing
Improved leisure facilities- for those in poverty and
with low life chances in general by raising living
standards through better employment opportunities…read more


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